From Selection of Polymeric Materials: How to Select Design Properties from Different Standards

2.3 Comparison of ASTM and ISO Mechanical Test Standards

The ISO 10350:1993 test standards facilitate the means to obtain a particular set of properties, test methods, and SI reporting units as generally acceptable European material specifications to characterize and describe polymeric materials. ISO testing enables comparison of the properties of the polymeric materials produced around the world, as long as the properties are reported using the ISO standards.

The ISO 10350:1993 mechanical test standards fall below expectations for delivering uniform global mechanical test standards. ISO has changed several mechanical test procedures, specimen geometries, and testing equipment. The ISO 10350:1993 method does not describe all the mechanical characteristics for polymeric materials. In contrast, the ASTM mechanical properties are described in more detail, they are more realistic to the applications, and they comply with the requirements of the plastics industry. ASTM mechanical test standards have performed well much longer than ISO standards.

To illustrate this point, Table 2.4 compares the most important ASTM mechanical testing procedures reported in both units (US and SI), and ISO test methods only reported in SI units.

Table 2.4: ASTM and ISO Comparison of Mechanical Test Standards

ISO Number 10350:1993

Plastic Test Description

ASTM Standards

ASTM (US units)

ASTM (SI units)

ISO Standards

ISO (SI units)

2.

Mechanical Properties

2.1

Tensile modulus

D-638

psi

MPa

527-1 & -2:1993

MPa

2.2

Yield stress

D-638

psi

MPa

527-1 & -2:1993

MPa

Tensile stress @ fiber glass TD

psi

MPa

Mpa

2.3

Yield strain

D-638

%

%


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Elastomers and Rubber Compounds
Elastomers and rubber materials are characterized by their high degree of flexibility and elasticity (high reversible elongation or resilience).
Mechanical Testing Equipment
Mechanical testing equipment covers devices used for adhesion, compression, drop (shock), tensile, vibration and fatigue testing.
Electrical and EMC Testing Services
Electrical and EMC testing services evaluate parts and products for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), electromagnetic interference (EMI), radio frequency interference (RFI), dielectric properties, conductivity, electrostatic discharge (ESD), insulation resistance, and other electrical characteristics.
Polymers and Plastic Resins
Polymers and plastic materials are organic, synthetic or processed polymers that are supplied as raw materials. They typically consist of thermoplastic or thermosetting resins in the form of pellets, powders or liquid resins. These materials can then be molded into a variety of shapes for a wide range of uses.
Conductive Compounds
Conductive compounds provide an electrically and/or thermally conductive path between components.

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