Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) is a crystalline, high-performance engineering thermoplastic characterized by outstanding high-temperature stability, inherent flame resistance, and broad chemical resistance. PPS resins and compounds manufactured in the U.S. are tradenamed Ryton by their producer, Phillips Chemical Co. PPS compounds are also marketed in the U.S. by several other companies that buy the resin from foreign sources. A wide range of injection-molding grades of PPS is available. The series having various glass-fiber levels (designated R3, R-4, and R-5) is recommended for mechanical electronic applications requiring high mechanical strength, impact resistance, and insulating characteristics. All other compounds contain various mineral fillers in addition to glass-fiber reinforcement. Ryton R-7 and R-8 are suitable for electrical applications requiring high arc resistance and low arc tracking. The R-10 series of pigmented compounds includes several grades suitable for support of current-carrying parts in electrical components. PPS is essentially transparent to microwave radiation, so the R-11 series is suited specifically for microwave ovenware and appliance components. Unreinforced PPS resins are also available as powders for slurry coating and electrostatic spraying. The resin coatings are suitable for food-contact applications as well as for chemical-processing equipment. The injection-moldable PPS compounds require processing temperature of 600 to 650°F. Mold temperatures can range from 100 to 275° F to control the crystallinity. Cold-molding parts deliver optimum mechanical strength, and hot-molded highlY crystalline parts provide optimum dimensional stability at high temperatures. PPS is also available in Iong-fiber-reinforced forms. One type, called starnpable sheet, contains fiber mat reinforcement for processing by compression molding. The other form contains reinforcement, and is designed for laminating and thermoforming. Reinforcement in both forms can be glass or carbon fiber. Properties: Most PPS compounds are used for their combination of high-temperature stability, chemical resistance, dimensional reliability, and flame retardance. The compounds all have excellent stability at very high
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Roving and yarn are fibers twisted into a feedstock for weaving cloth or reinforcing composites.
Conductive compounds provide an electrically and/or thermally conductive path between components.
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Molding compounds and resins are industrial plastics and polymers that are suitable for forming. They are used in injection molding, compression molding, reaction injection molding (RIM), resin transfer molding (RTM), and blow molding.
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Leveling and filling compounds are used to level surfaces, fill cavities, and shim or set machinery. They often have filling and sealing properties.
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