First there was MRP, then MRP II. Enterprise Resource Management now represents the leading edge in management techniques for manufacturing companies. Information is a valuable corporate resource and companies that gather and understand it have a distinct advantage over those that do not. Enterprise Resource Planning, otherwise knows as ERP, is one of the tools enlightened manufacturing firms use to leverage their information into a competitive edge. ERP has helped managers reduce lead times, boost productivity, and dramatically improve customer service and satisfaction. ERP is the direct descendant of Material Resource Planning (MRP), a software package that emerged in the 1960s. It helped manufacturing companies plan their activities and track materials. Before then, a number of mechanical systems were used, including card systems and spreadsheets. MRP instead uses computer hardware and software to calculate material needs based on a forecast or actual customer orders. It gave managers the ability to tie purchasing and production activities to future demand. MRP, which covers only materials, eventually gave way to MRP II, which adds resources such as people, machines, and warehouse space to the mix. After all, these resources are as critical to meeting customer demands as raw materials. MRP II systems are usually a suite of hardware and software applications that track and manage information that supports planning and helps carry out the plan. It can include customer-order management, inventory control, production control, purchasing support, product-data management, finance, and accounting. ERP arrived on the scene in 1993. It includes all of MRP and MRP II, and adds software applications that track additional outlying functions to manufacturing such as marketing support and post-sale field service. ERP hardware/software is usually built around a relational database and hosted on an open system in a client/server configuration. As a rule of thumb, companies generally spend 1 to
Products & Services
Purchasing software is used to manage the acquisition of products and services. Many applications are modular and scalable, and may support business functions ranging from the creation of requests to the approval of purchase orders (POs) for payment.
Manufacturing Execution System Software (MES)
Manufacturing execution system (MES) software is used to manage and monitor work-in-process on the factory floor. MES software supports activities such as finite scheduling, workflow monitoring, and materials management.
Enterprise Resource Planning Software (ERP)
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) software supports the entire business process. Typically, ERP consists of modules such as marketing and sales, field service, production, inventory control, procurement, distribution, human resources (HR), etc.
Statistical Process Control Software (SPC)
Statistical process control software (SPC) is used to measure, control, monitor or manage industrial processes without human intervention. SPC software uses statistical functions and techniques to provide continuous monitoring.
Plant Management Software
Plant management software is used to manage the daily activities and long-term operations of industrial facilities.
Topics of Interest
First there was MRP, then MRP II. Enterprise Resource Management now represents the leading edge in management techniques for manufacturing companies. ERP gives companies a way to improve customer...
A historical perspective on the evolution of demand-driven manufacturing begins with an understanding of material requirements planning (MRP). As mainstream manufacturing companies in North...
Brenda Dietrich, Daniel Connors, Thomas Ervolina, J.P. Fasano, Robin Lougee-Heimer and Robert J. Wittrock
Manufacturing firms use a variety of software tools to improve the quality and...
The origins of manufacturing resource planning, also known as MRP II, can be traced back to the early 1960s, to a system known as material requirements planning (MRP or MRP I). MRP...
Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry (MES) was coined in 1990 to describe a suite of software functions that reside between MRP/ERP (materials/enterprise resource planning) systems and...