With more than 5,000 dual-core processors and a staggering 54 teraflops (54 trillion calculations/sec) of computing power, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Cray XT3 dubbed Jaguar is helping solve some of science's grand challenges. With more than 5,000 dual-core processors and a staggering 54 teraflops (54 trillion calculations/sec) of computing power, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Cray XT3 dubbed Jaguar is helping solve some of science's grand challenges. The DoE's Innovative and Novel Computational Theory and Experiment (Incite) program allocates processor hours to selected researchers based on the scientific merit of proposed work. Last year's call for proposals resulted in 43 submissions requesting more than 95 million processor hours. The proposals spanned 11 scientific disciplines: accelerator physics, astrophysics, chemical sciences, climate re-search, computer science, engineering physics, environmental science, fusion energy, life sciences, materials sciences, and nuclear physics. Multidimensional simulations of core-collapse supernovae consume 3.55 million processor hours on Jaguar. The goal is to understand how stars more massive than 10 of our suns explode to produce many of the elements in the universe. A nanomaterials project consumes 3.5 million processor hours on Jaguar and 300,000 hr on another supercomputer named Phoenix, a Cray X1E with 18.5 teraflops. This study aims to better understand complex functional nanostructures, which could lead to significantly faster and energy efficient electronic devices, as well as better materials for energy storage, transmission, and production. A wave-plasma simulation project awarded 3 million processor hours on Jaguar could ultimately help remove a key obstacle to viable fusion power. Other users tapping into ORNL's supercomputers include Boeing, Dream-works Animation, General Atomics, Harvard Univ., Auburn Univ., and the Univ. of Washington/Howard Hughes Medical Institute. In all, some 30 million processor hours will run this year on Jaguar, and roughly 6 million on Phoenix. Super-computers at Lawrence Berkeley, Argonne, and
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Core modules are computer boards or integrated circuits that are populated with electronic components and used in embedded applications. Core modules are mounted on user-designed motherboards and other systems for quick integration in custom designs.
Cell processors are multi-core processors that use cellular architecture for high performance distributed computing. They are made of hardware and software cells whose interoperability is similar to how neural cells perform in the human brain.
Video Processor Boards
Video processor boards are used to process video, medical imaging, automated optical inspection, and other related activities. They can be fitted with between one and a thousand digital signal processing (DSP) units in order to increase the computing power of the board.
Ion Beam Guns and Electron Beam Guns
Ion beam guns and electron beam guns produce beams of electrons, ions or other particles for use in chemical and surface analysis, particle physics, resin curing or semiconductor manufacturing.
IC PCI Bridges
PCI bridges are semiconductors used to expand the number of slots available on PCI devices.
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