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Type / Function:

Composition / Chemistry:

Chemistry / Constituents:

Thermal Conductivity:

Dielectric Strength:

Density / Specific Gravity (@15.6°C, 60°F):

Kinematic Viscosity (@ 40°C):

Viscosity Index:

Pour Point:

Flash Point:

Operating / Use Temperature:

Applications:

Features:

Help with Petroleum and Mineral Oil Products specifications:

Types
   Type / Function:       
   Your choices are...         
   Anti-Seize / Thread Compound       Anti-seize compounds, anti-stick compounds, and thread lubricants are applied to threads to prevent binding or sticking. The bolts or fasteners are tightened and then loosened and removed for disassembly or repairs. 
   Base Oil / Base Stock       Base oils or fluids are a raw stock, usually a refined petroleum fraction or a selected synthetic material, blended with additives to produce finished lubricants, greases, thermal oils, and metal working fluids. Base oils are by-products produced during the crude oil refining process.   
   Circulating Coolant (Anti-freeze / Secondary Refrigerant)       Circulating coolants, cooling liquids, chiller fluids, anti-freeze fluids, secondary refrigerants, and other circulating cooling fluids are used to provide cooling or transfer heat within machinery, process equipment, or combustion engines. 
   Coolant (Flood / Mist)       Flood or mist coolants include cooling liquids or fluids for metal cutting, grinding, lapping, polishing, or quenching applications. 
   Corrosion Inhibitor / Rust Preventative       Corrosion inhibitors in a coolant or heat transfer fluid prevent internal surfaces from corroding by inhibiting corrosive compounds in the water used to dilute the fluid. Rust preventative oils, greases or fluid products leave a film that physically prevents water or corrosive chemicals from reaching a metal surface. 
   Dielectric (Transformer / EDM)       Electrically insulating oils, greases, or fluids have high electrical resistivity and dielectric strength for use in transformers, capacitors, and electrical discharge machining (EDM), or other electrical device applications. 
   Grease / Gel       Greases, gels and lubricating pastes are thick, high-viscosity products that do not run or flow off surfaces. Greases often consist of oil thickened with a sodium or calcium soap complex, or non-soap thickener. Greases contain extremely small, uniformly-dispersed particles of soap and/or non-soap thickeners in which surface tension and/or other internal forces hold the liquid. Non-soap thickeners are particles of synthetic, inorganic, or organic polymer materials dispersed in liquid lubricants to form greases. "White" or Lithium greases use a lithium soap complex thickener. 
   Grinding Fluid       Grinding fluids are typically considered to be for workpiece cooling; however, the effectiveness of extreme pressure or chemically active additives indicates that lubrication is also an important aspect of grinding coolants.  
   Metal Working Fluid       Metal working fluids are straight oils, soluble oils, semi-synthetic, and synthetic fluids that facilitate a wide variety of operations involving the working or modification of metals by metal removal, forming, or heat treating processes. Metal removal fluids are used in machining or metal cutting, grinding, lapping, and honing operations. They are also used in stamping, forging, drawing, coining, rolling, piercing, cold heading, and wire/bar/rod drawing operations. Metal protecting fluids are used primarily for fingerprint displacing and indoor/outdoor storage. Metal treating fluids are used primarily for metal quenching operations. Drawing and forming fluids are similar or identical in composition to metal cutting fluids, but are used in different ways. 
   Metal Forming Fluid       Metal forming oils, greases, or fluids are designed to enhance lubrication during extrusion, wire drawing, stamping, bending, swaging, rolling, embossing, or other deformation processes. 
   Metal Cutting Fluid       Metal cutting fluids are used in metal machining for a variety of purposes, such as improving tool life (reducing wear), increasing lubrication, reducing workpiece thermal deformation, improving surface finish, and flushing away chips from the cutting zone. Most cutting fluids presently in use fall into one of four categories:
  • Straight oils
  • Soluble oils
  • Synthetic fluids
  • Semisynthetic fluids
 
   Mold Release / Release Agent       Films form lubricating oils, solid lubricants, waxes, or fluids that prevent other materials from sticking or adhering to an underlying surface. Unlike permanent non-stick coatings, release agents typically require replenishment. Some mold releases fall into this category. 
   Penetrant / Penetrating Oil       Penetrants, penetrating oils, and penetrating fluids are often used to free rusted or corroded nuts, bolts, fasteners, shafts, pulleys, and other mechanical parts. Most penetrants use a thin or low viscosity solvent or volatile vehicle, which allows the penetrant to flow into fine crevices or recesses. Penetrating lubricants often have water displacement characteristics. They may also be used to clean or remove gum, resin, and other deposits. 
   Quenchant / Heat Treat       Oils, coolants, or fluids are designed for quenching or heat-treating applications. 
   Refrigerant (Primary)       Primary refrigerants use a thermodynamic or adiabatic process (evaporation-condensation cycles) to transfer heat and cool a region. Refrigerants or refrigeration fluids based on halogenated (fluorinated and/or chlorinated) hydrocarbons fluids fall into this category. Common designations for refrigerants include: R-11, R-12, R-13, R-22, R-113, R-114, R-123, R-124, R-134A, R-401A, R-401B, R-402A, R-402B, R-404A, R-405A, R-406A, R-407C, R-408A, R-409A, R-411A, R-411B, R-412A, R-420, R-421, R-500, R-502, R-503, R-507, R-508B and R-509. Mineral oil, alkyl benzene, and polyol ester lubricants are often added to these refrigerant fluids to lubricate or reduce friction in internal compressor components.  
   Solid Lubricant / Dry Film       Solid lubricants or dry film lubricants are compounds such as hexagonal flake graphite, boron nitride (BN), molybdenum disulfide, or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) powders, which are designed to reduce friction, binding, or wear, exclude water, or provide other specialized characteristics. Dry film lubricants are low, shear-strength lubricants that shear in one particular plane within a crystal structure such as graphite, molybdenum disulfide, and certain soaps.   
   Lubricant       Industrial lubricants are fluids, oils, greases, waxes, and other compounds designed to reduce friction, binding, or wear, exclude water, or provide other specialized characteristics. 
   Heat Transfer Fluid       Heat transfer fluids, heater oils, and circulating coolants are used to carry thermal energy in process heating and machine cooling applications. 
   Hot Oil / Thermal Oil       Hot oils, heater oils, thermal fluids, and other heat transfer fluids are used to provide heat or transfer heat to a region with machinery or process equipment. 
   Vacuum / Diffusion Pump       Oils, fluids, or greases are suitable for vacuum sealing or diffusion pump applications. 
   Specialty / Other       Other specialty, proprietary or unlisted types or functions. 
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Composition / Chemistry
           
   Your choices are...         
   Straight Oil (Non-soluble)       Straight oils are non-emulsifiable products used in machining operations in an undiluted form. They are composed of base mineral, synthetic or petroleum oils, and often contain polar lubricants like fats, vegetable oils, and esters, as well as extreme pressure additives such as chlorine, sulfur, and phosphorus. Straight oils provide the best lubrication and the poorest cooling characteristics among cutting fluids. 
   Water Soluble / Emulsion       Water-soluble and emulsion fluids have high dilution or very low concentration. They include high-water content fluids (HWCF). Soluble oil fluids form an emulsion when mixed with water. The concentrate consists of a base mineral oil and emulsifiers to help produce a stable emulsion. These fluids are used in a diluted form with concentrations ranging from 3% to 10%, and provide good lubrication and heat transfer performance. They are used widely in industry and are the least expensive among all cutting fluids.  Water-soluble fluids are used as water-in-oil emulsions or oil-water-emulsions. Water-in-oil emulsions have a continuous phase of oil, and superior lubricating and friction reduction qualities (i.e., metal forming and drawing). Oil-in-water emulsions consist of droplets of oil in a continuous water phase and have better cooling characteristics (i.e., metal cutting fluids and grinding coolants). 
   Synthetic / Semi-synthetic       Synthetic fluids, semi-synthetic fluids or greases are based on synthetic compounds like silicone, polyglycol, esters, diesters, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and mixtures of synthetic fluids and water. Synthetic fluids tend to have the highest fire resistance and cost. They contain no petroleum or mineral oil base, but are instead formulated from organic and inorganic alkaline compounds with additives for corrosion inhibition. Synthetic fluids are generally used in a diluted form with concentrations ranging from 3% to 10%. They often provide the best cooling performance among all cutting fluids. Some synthetics, such as phosphate esters, react or dissolve paint, pipe thread compounds, and electrical insulation. Semi-synthetic fluids are essentially a combination of synthetic and soluble petroleum or mineral oil fluids. The characteristics, cost, and heat transfer performance of semi-synthetic fluids fall between those of synthetic and soluble oil fluids.  
   Micro-dispersion       Oil or lubricating fluids contain a dispersion of solid lubricant particles such as PTFE (Teflon®), graphite, and molybdenum disulfide or boron nitride in a mineral, petroleum, or synthetic oil base. Teflon is a registered trademark of DuPont. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Chemistry / Constituents:       
   Your choices are...         
   Aromatic / PAH       Aromatic petroleum derivative having a benzene ring type chemical structure. They are also known as Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or PAHs. Aromatics exhibit some of the chemical behaviors of benzene such as higher reactivity and higher solvency compared to paraffinic and naphthenic products. The reactive nature of aromatic base oils make them useful as petrochemical building blocks for manufacturing of synthetic fluids and other petrochemical compounds. Naphthalene can be considered the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon, but this simplest aromatic is often placed in its own group. 
   Mineral Oil       Mineral oil is petroleum by-product, which is produced during the petroleum crude refining or fractional distillation process. Mineral oils have cyclic and alkane components. Mineral oils are often the base stock or base oil in a lubricant, hydraulic fluid or heat transfer fluid formulations. Additional additive are mixed with the base oil to form a finished product. 
   Naphthenic / Naphthalene       Naphthenic fluids or mineral oils are having a high proportion of cycloalkane or cycloparaffinic structures with an absence or very low content of wax molecules (low to no alkanes). Mineral oils with less than 55 to 60 % alkanes or paraffinic structures are considered naphthenic. Naphthenic petroleum fluids are derived from naphthenic crude oil. Naphthenic or aromatic fluids have higher solvency compared to paraffinic fluids. Naphthenic oils have better low temperature properties compared to paraffinic fluids, which makes them useful for low pour point applications.  Naphthalene has the chemical formula C10H8 and structurally appears as two fused together benzene rings. Naphthalene has the characteristic "moth ball" odor. Naphthenic oils form oil soluble degradation products, which reduces sludge formation. 
   Paraffinic / Alkane       Paraffin is an alkane hydrocarbon with the general formula CnH2n+2 .  Paraffin or paraffinic petroleum derivatives include paraffin oils and paraffin wax.  Paraffin wax consists of alkane mixture where chain length ranges from 20 ≤ n ≤ 40 range. The hydrocarbon chains are found in both straight or saturated, and branched or iso forms.  Paraffin wax is solid at room temperature and begins to enter the liquid phase past approximately 37 °C (99 °F).  Paraffin oil, like mineral oil, is a by-product from the petroleum distillation process.  Paraffin based products are relatively non-reactive and have excellent oxidation stability. Paraffinic oils have relatively high wax content and pour point, and typically a high viscosity index (VI.). 
   Petroleum Distillate       Fluid or wax distilled from crude petroleum during the refining process. 
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted or specialized chemistries. 
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Properties
   Thermal Conductivity       Thermal conductivity is a measure of a fluid's ability to transfer heat. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Dielectric Strength       Dielectric strength is the maximum voltage field that a material can withstand before electrical breakdown occurs. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Density / Specific Gravity (@15.6°C, 60°F):       Specific gravity is density normalized to water or another standard. Density is the mass per unit volume of a material. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Kinematic Viscosity (@ 40°C)       Kinematic viscosity is the time required for a fixed amount of fluid or oil to flow through a capillary tube under the force of gravity.  Units of kinematic viscosity are stoke, centistoke (1/100 of a stroke) and Saybolt Universal Seconds (SUS). Saybolt Universal Seconds or Saybolt Universal Viscosity (SUV) is the time in seconds required for 60 cubic centimeters of a fluid to flow through the orifice of the standard Saybolt universal viscometer at a given temperature under specified conditions, usually per ASTM D 88.  Kinematic viscosity is also described as the quotient of the absolute viscosity in centipoises divided by the specific gravity of a fluid where both are measured at the same temperature. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Viscosity Index       The viscosity index scale describes the change in viscosity with temperature.  The scale measures the viscosity stability at two temperature extremes: 210° F (98.9° C) and 100° F (37.8° C).  When the scale was originally developed in 1929, Pennsylvania crude paraffin fraction had the highest value (VI = 100) and a coastal crude naphtha fraction had the lowest viscosity (V = 0). Modern oils and fluids have VI values that exceed 100. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Pour Point       Pour point is the lowest point that fluid or oil flows. Pour is typically determined using ASTM D 97. Generally, the pour point is 15° F to 20° F below the system's lowest end-use temperature to prevent pump damage through cavitation. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Flash Point       Flash point is the lowest temperature that a liquid can give off sufficient vapors to form an ignitable mixture in air near the surface of the liquid. The lower the flash point, the easier it is to ignite the material. The U.S. Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) defines a flammable liquid as "any liquid having a flash point below 100° F (37.8° C), except any mixture having components with flash points of 100° F (37.8° C) or higher, the total of which make up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture. Flammable liquids shall be known as Class I liquids." Fire point and autogenous ignition (AIT) are additional properties to consider in applications requiring fire resistant fluids. Fire point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid can give off sufficient vapors to form a mixture in air that continuously supports combustion after ignition near the surface of the liquid.  Autogenous ignition (AIT) is the temperature at which ignition occurs spontaneously.  
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Operating / Use Temperature       The operating temperature range for the fluid, oil, grease, or lubricant. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Applications & Features
   Applications       
   Your choices are...         
   Aerospace       Products are designed or suitable for aerospace or aircraft applications. 
   Automotive / Transportation       Products are designed or suitable for automotive or transportation applications. 
   Bearings       Products are designed or suitable for bearing lubrication applications. 
   Combustion Engines       Products are designed or suitable for combustion engine applications. 
   Compressors / Piston Pumps       Products are designed or suitable for compressor or piston pump applications. 
   Electrical / Electronic       Products are designed or suitable for electrical or electronic applications, such as lubricating contacts or releasing component from molds or dies. 
   Food Grade / Contact (FDA H1)       Products are food grade, FDA H1, or similar approved, for lubrication applications in processing equipment where contact with food, beverages, or pharmaceuticals may occur. 
   Machine / Gears       Products, such as gear lube or spindle oils, are designed or suitable for machinery, gears, gearing, ways, or final drives. 
   Marine       Products are designed or suitable for marine, ship, dockyard, or boat applications. 
   MIL-SPEC / Military       Products are designed or suitable for MIL-SPEC or military applications. 
   Process Equipment       Products are designed or suitable for process equipment applications. 
   Specialty       Other unlisted, proprietary or specialty features, applications or functions. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Features       
   Your choices are...         
   Aerosol / Spray       Lubricants, coolants, or fluid products are designed or suitable for forming aerosols for spraying or misting applications. Flammable oils or lubricant should not be aerosolized in order to avoid producing an explosion hazard. 
   Biodegradable       Products are designed or suitable to decompose or break down into harmless chemicals when released into the environment. 
   EP (Extreme Pressure / Active)       Extra pressure (EP) additives include chemically active agents such as sulfur, phosphorous, or chlorinated compounds that are reactive and form a film to prevent seizure, sticking or surface adhesion under loads causing high pressure conditions. 
   Low / Non-foaming       Fluids do not produce foam or produce only small amounts of foam. Non-foaming characteristics are achieved through the use of additives that break out entrained air. Leaks can introduce air into systems for circulating hydraulic fluid, thermal oil, or grinding coolant. Entrained air can cause pump damage due to cavitation. Foaming can also reduce the cooling ability and the bulk modulus (or stiffness) of the fluid. 
   Sealing / Barrier       Products are designed for or providing sealing or barrier functions. 
   Water Displacement       Water displacement lubricants or fluids have the ability to displace water from a surface based on wetting or surface energy characteristics. Fluids with low surface energy or interfacial tension compared to water will flow under the water or moisture on a surface. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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