Technical Articles

Supplier:

ABB Measurement & Analytics


ABB Measurement & Analytics has published these technical articles:

(Gas Sensing)
From this Article:
This guide discusses how best to optimize combustion efficiency in any application using combustion plant. Combustion optimization in some form or other has become an absolute necessity for all... (View Full Article)
(Level Sensing)
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The demands of sophisticated automated processing systems, the need for ever-tighter process control, and an increasingly stringent regulatory environment drive process engineers to seek more precise... (View Full Article)
(Temperature Sensing)
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The majority of measurements made in the process industry are of temperature and pressure. Around half of the temperature measurements are used for monitoring purposes to secure product quality,... (View Full Article)
(Data Acquisition Products)
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Pasteurisation is a key stage in the production of a wide range of food and beverage goods, including milk, dairy products, beers, juices and even water. During pasteurisation, products must be... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
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Steam is used to heat the autoclave contents, either by direct entry into the autoclave (where it is in contact with the product) or indirectly using a heat exchanger. The temperature is raised to a... (View Full Article)
(Meters, Readouts and Indicators)
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Batch control systems are used as an economical and safe way of controlling the amount of product that flows through a system.... (View Full Article)
(Level Sensing)
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ABB LM80 laser level transmitters were installed for this application at a brewery in the US Midwest. The laser transmitters were mounted on a support beam off the ceiling such that the distance to... (View Full Article)
(Sensor Transmitters)
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In the past, food and pharmaceutical manufacturers had to dismantle equipment between production batches for manual cleaning. Manual cleaning is time-consuming, expensive, and subject to variable... (View Full Article)
(Signal Conditioning)
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In an enzyme production plant the process fluids contain cellulose particles with a size of approx. 8 mm. When the valve is quickly settled, it may be blocked. This effect occurs in conjunction with... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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In the food industry, it is frequently necessary to dose, pump, mix and blend liquids. Continuous mixing processes can be implemented directly in piping using ratio-based or Blendline control systems,... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
From this Article:
In processing industries, especially in the food industry, it is frequently necessary to dose, pump, mix and blend liquids. The required components are dosed and mixed in containers one after the... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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When removing water from wheat starch suspension in centrifuges, it is important to determine the exact starch content and adjust it to a specific concentration. The starch content can be controlled... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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To optimize combustion in a lime oven, the air flow must preferably be captured in standard units such as scfm. The air is sucked in from the atmosphere, with the pressure being virtually constant at... (View Full Article)
(Meters, Readouts and Indicators)
From this Article:
Ratio control systems are used extensively throughout industry to optimize the relationship of the mixture between two flows in a processing plant.... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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Milk is an important food for us. It is a natural product and consists primarily of water, fat, protein, milk sugar (lactose) and mineral compounds. It also contains enzymes, vitamins and trace... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
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Much of the food consumed each year is preserved by packaging it in hermeticallysealed containers in a process known as canning. One of the most important steps in the canning of foods is 'thermal... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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The general objective when mixing different components is to achieve a particular concentration in the overall mixture. This is relatively straightforward to achieve by means of volumetric,... (View Full Article)
(Chemical Sensors)
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Milling crushes, shreds or presses the cane or beets to extract the juice to which calcium oxide (milk of lime) is added. The calcium oxide raises the pH of the juice to a little over 11 and the water... (View Full Article)
(Chemical Sensors)
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To extract raw sugar juice, the mill first crushes, shreds, or presses the cane or beets. The raw juice is highly pure, but contains undesirable organic and inorganic non-sugar constituents together... (View Full Article)
(Sensor Transmitters)
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The clear sugar juice coming from the filter following the second carbonation has a light straw color. Further heating has a tendency to react with residual amino acids, causing the juice to assume a... (View Full Article)
(Level Sensing)
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Stocks must be tightly controlled on various aspects: storage time, pile shape and quantity. ABB laser level transmitters and volumetric scanners offer fast, accurate and precise solutions for stock... (View Full Article)
(Force Sensing)
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BillerudKorsnäs' machines for manufacturing of packaging paper, consumer board and container board are running with Pressductor PillowBlock load cells providing accurate wire and web tension... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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ABB instrumentation was an obvious choice when the Swedish pulp producer Vallviks Bruk AB built a new plant for biological water treatment. Vallviks Bruk AB, located about 200 km (125 miles) north of... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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The Kraul & Wilkening u. Stelling company has been producing bio-ethanol and technical alcohol since 1856 and is a specialist in the production of highly concentrated alcohol.... (View Full Article)
(Meters, Readouts and Indicators)
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Therefore the Cylmate system is designed to provide real-time information required by electronically controlled engines in order to optimize the engine operation by closed loop control of the... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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Selecting flowmeter technologies to minimize annual energy costs.... (View Full Article)
(Spectroscopy)
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Recent advances in the field of biotechnology combined with a wave of patented drugs patent expirations have led to a global shift of focus and priorities in pharmaceutical industry. While chemically... (View Full Article)
(Spectroscopy)
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Accounting for sample memory effects in isotopic water measurements by laser spectroscopy.... (View Full Article)
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
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Enhanced long term accuracy and reliability through in situ verification.... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
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Maintaining signal integrity in measurement and control.... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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Automatic in-situ monitoring of the meter tubes for possible erosion or coating.... (View Full Article)
(Nondestructive Testing Equipment)
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Many strip producers struggle with the preparation and calibration of the large number of plates needed for radiometric gauges. This white paper discusses calibration plate preparation and provides an... (View Full Article)
(Gas Sensing)
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A major U.S. cement manufacturing facility completed a five-month field trial of the ABB ACF5000 hot / wet extractive FTIR Continuous Emission Monitoring System (CEMS) in August 2015.... (View Full Article)
(Environmental Sensors)
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The VIS multiphase flowmeter measures real-time flow rates of oil, gas and water in the most difficult multiphase environments that are typical of the oil and gas upstream sector - Measurement made... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
From this Article:
Natural gas consumption is far from being constant over the months. Typically Natural Gas (NG) is stored in summer periods, when there is lower demand for it, and is withdrawn in the winter periods,... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
From this Article:
Accurate control is critical to every process. As a means of ensuring that tasks such as production, distribution and treatment processes are carried out under the right conditions for the right... (View Full Article)
(Gas Sensing)
From this Article:
Gregorio Ciarlo, Federico Callero and Maurizio Simonelli, ABB SpA, Italy, discuss the application of predictive emission monitoring systems in applications when fuel characteristics are variable or in... (View Full Article)
(Enterprise and Plant Management Software)
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In the process industries, legal requirements regulate the continuous acquisition of emission data to monitor and control pollutants released into the atmosphere. Data verifies that plant emissions do... (View Full Article)
(Pressure Sensing)
From this Article:
Pressure Measurement Theory and Application Guide White Paper Engineered solutions for all applications... (View Full Article)
(Temperature Sensing)
From this Article:
Temperature is one of seven basic values in the current SI-System of units and is probably the most important parameter in measurement technology. Temperature measurements roughly divide into three... (View Full Article)
(Temperature Sensing)
From this Article:
Non-contacting temperature measurement techniques for the processing industries complement thermocouple and RTD sensors. Innovations in infrared technology are reducing their cost and size while... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
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The ability to better manage water supplies is becoming increasingly important as demand for water continues to escalate. Even in the UK, which enjoys a wetter climate than many global regions,... (View Full Article)
(Spectroscopy)
From this Article:
How LGR's patented analyzing technique, Off-Axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy (OA-ICOS), is used to quantify 18O and ethanol content in wines.... (View Full Article)
(Enterprise and Plant Management Software)
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Smart instruments and asset management systems... (View Full Article)
(Data Acquisition Products)
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Taking advantage of wireless in process plants.... (View Full Article)
(Spectroscopy)
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New EPA regulations are requiring hydrogen chloride (HCI) emissions to be monitored in concentrations below 1 ppm for power plants and 3 ppm for cement plants. The properties of HCI, its reaction to... (View Full Article)
(Positioning Stages, Slides and Guides)
From this Article:
ABB TZIDC Intelligent Positioner with Remote Sensor helps achieve precise control of the boiler combustion air dampers for reduction of emissions, while reducing maintenance and operating costs.... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
From this Article:
Understanding Coriolis mass flowmeters.... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
From this Article:
One of the most critical measurements in the processing industries is rate of flow. In 2010, the ARC Advisory Group estimated the total instrumentation market (not including process analytical... (View Full Article)
(Flow Sensing)
From this Article:
Sinochem Sinopec Shanghai Orient Petrochemical Terminal Co., Ltd. (former Shanghai Orient Tank Co., Ltd.) was established in 1989, and is now located in Pudong District of Shanghai. It is a... (View Full Article)