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Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA), in its simplest form, is not a new development. It dates back to the Roman Empire when Emperor Tiberius became so infatuated with having his daily cucumber that his gardeners had to use a mobile cart to transfer the plants in and out during the day and lined wooden frames with Selenite to keep them warm. Later in the 17th century, pioneers of botany experimented with the earliest forms of greenhouses, but it wasn't until the early 1800's that the first modern greenhouse was invented by a French botanist named Charles Lucien Bonaparte. As humanity spread across the globe, traders began sharing crops between regions, and agricultural techniques had to be adapted to provide food consistently.

Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) is an advanced and intensive form of hydroponic agriculture where plants grow within a controlled environment to optimize yield. Unlike a simple greenhouse, CEA requires many intricate, modern engineering considerations to be implemented successfully. CEA can be used in vertical farming, hydroponics, aquaponics, greenhouses, and, most recently, variations of cannabis cultivation. Each of these methods has specific considerations for design and operation. 

However, they all share some common needs, which include:  CLICK HERE TO CONTINUE READING