Basics of Linear Bearings

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“Bearings housed in carriages and tables can ride on round shafts or square profile rails. Here’s a look at the advantages of each when an application demands guided linear motion.”

Engineers faced with a linear-motion application often turn to pre-engineered linear bearings and guides. But linear guides come in two basic shapes – round and square – and designers often struggle with which type to use. Square or profile rails once cost significantly more than round because the former need extensive grinding that is inherent to the design. But recent manufacturing advances and economies of scale let square rails now compete with round in a broad range of applications