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Fusible Alloy Types:

Standards / Specifications:

UNS Number:

Shape / Form:

Overall Width / OD:

Secondary Width:

Overall Thickness:

Overall Length:

Tensile Strength (UTS, Break):

Tensile Modulus (E):

Applications:

Help with Fusible Alloys specifications:

Types
   Fusible Alloy Types       
   Your choices are...         
   Bismuth / Bismuth Alloys       Bismuth is another low melting point metal used as a substitute for lead in solders. Bismuth is also used as a constituent in fusible alloys for use in fuses, thermostats, switches, barometers, thermal management products, tube bending, lens blocking, potting molds, wax pattern dies and punch anchoring, fire suppression water sprinklers, and workpiece holding. Bismuth is used as a strengthening addition in pewter alloys. Bismuth has a unique property in common with water: liquid bismuth (10.0 g/cc) is denser than solid bismuth (9.78 g/cc). Pure bismuth metal is the most naturally diamagnetic of all elemental metals. Bismuth has a lower thermal conductivity compared to all metals except mercury. Bismuth tellurides are excellent thermoelectric materials and are finding use in CPU coolers.   
   Lead / Lead Alloy       Lead is a metal with a low melting point, a high density, and low hardness. Lead and lead alloys are used in balancing weights, radiation shielding, battery electrodes, and solders. 
   Tin / Tin Alloy       Tin is a metal with a low melting point and low hardness. Tin and tin alloys are used in coatings, as alloying additives, in battery electrodes, and as solders. 
   Indium / Indium Alloys       Indium is used to form several low melting alloys and solders. Indium is a substitute for lead low melting point solders. Indium based solders can "cold weld" because indium tends to be more oxide-free, so heat and chemicals are not typically required compared to conventional solders. Indium-based solder also reduces gold scavenging - extraction of gold from metal electronic contacts. Indium is also a constituent of Indalloy® (a registered trademark of Indium Corporation) Gallinstan® (a registered trademark of Geratherm Medical AG), Ga-In-Sn alloys, and mercury substitutes, which are liquids at room temperature. Indium is used to manufacture fusible alloys that melt at a specific temperature range for use in fuses, thermostats, switches, barometers, thermal management products, tube bending, lens blocking, potting molds, wax pattern dies and punch anchoring, fire suppression water sprinklers, and workpiece holding. Indium is a constituent of copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS), which is compound semiconductor useful in solar cell manufacturing. Oxides of indium such as indium oxide and indium tin oxide are used to form conductive transparent coatings on glass heating or defrosting and photovoltaic cell applications. 
   Specialty / Other Alloy       This refers to other unlisted, specialty or proprietary metals or alloy grades. These materials are based on a unique composition or alloy system, use a novel processing technology, or have properties designed for specific applications. 
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Grades & Specifications
   Standards / Specifications       
   Your choices are...         
   AMS       Metals or alloys meet specific Aerospace Material Specification (AMS) guidelines established by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). 
   ASTM / ASME       The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is a non-profit organization that provides a forum for the development and publication of voluntary standards for materials, products, systems, and services. Most specifications from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) are adapted from or are very similar to ASTM specifications. 
   Casting Grade (ICI, etc.)       Ingot or alloy shapes meet the requirements for casting stock from the Alloy Casting Institute (ACI), the American Die Casting Institute (ADCI), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and the Investment Casting Institute (ICI). 
   EN       European Norm or EuroNorm (EN) specifications have superseded several older, national designation systems such as BS, DIN, NS, and SS. 
   MIL-SPEC / Federal (QQS)       MIL-SPEC metals meet U.S. government standards and are suitable for military applications. QQ and QQS are prefixes used to designate specific metals. 
   JIS       Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) specify the standards used for industrial activities in Japan. The standardization process is coordinated by the Japanese Industrial Standards Committee and published through the Japanese Standards Association. 
   SAE       Products meet alloy grades, specifications, or designations established by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). 
   UNS       Metals or alloys meet the compositional standards in the Unified Numbering System (UNS), which was established by the ASTM, SAE, and several metal trade associations and societies. UNS identifies metals and alloys with a letter and five numbers. For example, carbon and alloy steels are identified as Gnnnnn, where G is the letter nnnnn is the number. 
   Specialty / Other       This refers to other unlisted, specialized, and OEM-specific (e.g., GE, P&W, Boeing, etc.) or proprietary material specifications. 
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   UNS Number         
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Shape / Form
   Shape / Form:       
   Your choices are...         
   Semi-finished Shape / Mill Stock       Semi-finished metal shapes or stock shapes are suitable for part fabrication by machining, assembly, or other processes. Stock shapes are also used as feedstock for casting, forging, spinning, and other forming processes. Semi-finished metal shapes and stock include forms such as bar stock, rods, plates, strips, wire, shaped wire, hexagonal shapes, billets, sheets, and foil.  
   Fabricated Parts / Shapes       Materials are fabricated as custom or application-specific shapes. 
   Bar Stock       Materials are supplied or available as bars, rod stock, or billets. Bars or rods may have a round, square, rectangular/flat, hexagonal, or oval-shaped cross-section.  
   Disc / Blank       Discs or blanks are prepunched, preformed, precut or premachined shapes, which reduce scrap, prep time, and material handling requirements, resulting in more efficient, cost-effective production. Discs or blanks are used to improve efficiency in stamping, drawing, metal spinning, machining, forging or forming operations. Milled and/or ground machine-ready blanks have a tight tolerance, and many blanks eliminate the need for squaring before final machining the blank into the final part geometry. 
   Flats / Rectangular Bar       Materials are supplied or available as square bars, bar stock, or billets. Squares have a cross-section where two unequal sides proscribe a right angle between the surfaces.  
   Squares / Square Bar       Materials are supplied or available as square bars, bar stock, or billets. Squares have a cross-section where two equal sides proscribe a right angle between surfaces. 
   Rod / Round Bar Stock       Materials are supplied or available as rod stock with a round cross-section. 
   Hex Bar Stock       Materials are supplied or available as hexagonal stock with a hex-shaped cross-section.  
   Plate       Materials are supplied or available as plates. Plates have a thickness of at least 0.250", but may be larger than 1/4". 
   Rolled Ring       Rolled rings (or seamless forged rings) are hollow metal cylinder shapes used as starting stock blanks for wheels or rail tires, housings, bearings, gears, valve seats, ring gaskets, and couplings. 
   Roll       Metal or alloy rolls are large diameter cylindrical shapes formed by casting or forging. Rolls are often final machined, heat treated, and ground to final precision requirements. Steel mill rolls are used for thermomechanical processing of metals in rolling mills. 
   Sheet       Materials can be supplied or available as sheets or foil. Sheets have a thickness between 0.006" and 0.250" and are 24" (609.6 mm) or larger in width. Typically, sheets are formed to precise thicknesses and/or width requirements. Hardness and surface finish properties can be controlled by the rolling process, which usually consists of cross-rolling. 
   Foil       Foil is a very thin sheet or strip stock with a thickness of less than 0.006".   
   Strip       Materials are supplied or available as strips. Strips are usually 0.187" (3/16", 4.76 mm) or less in thickness and under 24" (609.6 mm) in width. Typically, strips are formed to precise thicknesses and/or width requirements. Hardness and surface finish properties can be controlled by the rolling process, which usually consists of cross-rolling. 
   Billet / Slab / Bloom       Billets, slabs, or blooms are massive, hot rolled or forged blocks of metals or alloys. These forms can have semi-finished square, rectangular slab, or round cross-sections. Producing billets or blooms from ingots by forging is called cogging. Hot-rolling ingots is a process called blooming. Billets are used as feedstock for rolling operations and in the machining of large components. Slabs are semi-finished steel blocks, usually with widths that are at least twice their thickness. 
   Ingot       Materials are supplied or available as ingots or casting stock product forms. 
   Powder       Materials are available as powders, granules, or flakes. 
   Wire / Shaped Wire       Materials are supplied or available as round wire, shaped wire, or flattened wire. Wire is less than 0.375" in diameter. 
   Other       This refers to other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary forms or stock types. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Coil Stock?       Materials are supplied or available as coils, reels, or other wound stock forms. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
   Hollow Stock?       Materials are supplied or available as tubes, pipes, or hollow stock with an open internal bore. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
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Size / Dimensions
   Overall Width / OD       This is the overall width or outer diameter (OD) of stock forms such as bars, plates, and tubes. Overall width is the average particulate diameter for raw materials such as powders, granules, and pellets. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Secondary Width       This is the secondary or minor width of profiles or structural stock forms such as angles, beams, channels, tees, and specialized or proprietary shapes. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Overall Thickness       This is the overall thickness of stock forms, tube walls, or other fabricated components. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Gauge Thickness       The numerical gauge thickness of the sheet, foil, or wire product.  Different gauge systems are used for different stock forms and alloy types. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Overall Length       This is the length of stock materials such as bars, rods, plates, and tubes. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   ID       This is the internal diameter (ID) or inner dimension of tubes or other hollow stock shapes. 
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Mechanical Properties
   Tensile Strength (UTS, Break)       Ultimate tensile strength (UTS) at break is the maximum amount of stress required to fail or break the material under tension-loading test conditions.   
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Yield Strength (YS)       Yield strength (YS) is the maximum amount of stress required to deform or impart permanent plastic deformation (typically of 0.2%) in the material under tension-loading test conditions. The yield point occurs when elastic or linear stress-strain behavior changes to plastic or non-linear behavior. Ductile materials typically deviate from Hooke's law or linear behavior at some higher stress level. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Elongation       Elongation is the percent amount of deformation that occurs during a tensile test or other mechanical test. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Tensile Modulus (E)       Tensile modulus, Young's modulus, or the modulus of elasticity (E) is a material constant that indicates the variation in strain produced under an applied tensile load. Materials with a higher modulus of elasticity have higher stiffness or rigidity. 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
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Processing & Finish
           
   Your choices are...         
   Annealed       These metals and alloys are provided in an annealed or softened condition. Some materials anneal during thermal-mechanical processing depending on the process temperature range and alloy type. 
   Cast (Continuous, Centrifugal, etc.)       Cast alloy stocks or shapes are produced in a casting process such as continuous casting or centrifugal casting. 
   Centrifugal Cast       Centrifugal casting is used to produce axially or radially symmetric hollow parts such as large pipes, wheels, pulleys, nozzles, rings, rolls, rollers, cylinder liners, coil sleeves, bearing bushings, pulverizing rolls, or other cylindrical shapes. The internal diameter of the mold is coated with a refractory ceramic layer. In the centrifugally casting process, a mold is spun up to radial speeds of 300 to 3000 RPM by driving rollers. Molten metal is then cast into the center of the mold until the desired thickness is attained, then the casting is cooled, stopped, and removed from the mold. A double pouring process can be used to produce an outer layer with higher hardness and wear resistance around an inner layer of high toughness and improved machinability. 
   Continuous Cast / Direct Chill       Continuous cast semi-finished metal stock can include blooms, rectangular slabs, for subsequent rolling into plate or sheet, square or circular cross-sections for long products, thin slabs, and beam blank or “dog-bone” shapes, for rolling into I or H beams. In continuous casting, the bottom of a furnace or ladle is tapped and molten metal transferred into a tundish. The metal in the tundish is poured from a submerged entry nozzle into a water-cooled mold, which is open on the top and bottom. Additional molten metal is poured into the top of the mold as solidified strand is withdrawn. Molten metal can also be continuously cast into the nip between twin water cooled metal rolls for the production of continuously cast metal strip.  Continuous casting is the most cost- and energy- efficient method to mass-produce high quality semi-finished metal products. 90% of the carbon steel, alloy steel and stainless steel produced today is processed using the continuously casting technology. In semi-continuous casting of ingots or billets, metal is poured into a direct chill mold where the bottom of the ingot is slowly withdrawn as molten metal solidifies. 
   Static Cast       Cast ingots, slabs, pigs, sows, or billets are formed by casting molten metal into molds with the shape or cross sectional shape of the end product. In static mold casting, the mold is closed at the bottom. 
   Wrought       Wrought metals or alloys are worked mechanically to refine their structure, break up inclusion, close porosity, and improve homogeneity.  
   Extruded       These alloy stocks or shapes are produced by using an extrusion process. 
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   Finish       
   Your choices are...         
   Coated / Painted       Metal or alloy stock or shapes are coated with a protective or decorative layer of paint, resin, plating, thermal spray deposit, or other organic or inorganic material. 
   Rolled / Drawn       The wrought metal or alloy has been thermomechanically formed using rolling, drawing, hot rolling, or cold rolling. 
   Cold Finished / Rolled / Drawn       Alloy stock or shapes are produced in a process that mechanically deforms or works the material at a temperature that is below the recrystallization point of the alloy. Rolling processes squeeze the metal between two steel rolls. Drawing processes pull the metal from a die opening or gap. The elevated temperature allows a greater degree of deformation as well as annealing during the process. Hot rolled metals tend to have more scale on their surface. 
   Hot Rolled       Hot rolled alloy stock or shapes are produced in a process that mechanically deforms or works the material at an elevated temperature (e.g., steels in the "red" hot condition). This temperature is above the recrystallization point of the alloy. The elevated temperature allows a greater degree of deformation or a reduction of thickness. A post-annealing process is not required after hot rolling. Hot rolled metals tend to have more surface scale and require pickling and oiling. 
   Ground / Machined       The surface of the metal shape or stock is ground or machined, resulting in a better finish compared to the processed stock. The processed condition can be rolled, cast, extruded, forged, compacted, and sintered. 
   Polished       The surface of the metal shape or stock is polished or buffed, which provides a better finish compared to the rolled, ground, machined, or other processed stock conditions. Polishing uses fine grit or loose or fixed abrasive products to refine the surface finish to a mirror-like condition. Loose abrasive media could include abrasive slurries, polishing compounds, and lapping compounds. Fixed polishing abrasives could include lapping films, fine grit discs or belts, honing tools, and superfinishing products. 
   Other       Other unlisted proprietary, patented, or specialized finish, processing, heat treatment, or temper condition. 
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Applications
   Applications:       
   Your choices are...         
   Aerospace / Aircraft (AQ)       Products are designed and rated for use in aerospace, aircraft, airport, space vehicle, satellite, rocket, interplanetary explorer, and space station applications. Aircraft quality (AQ) steels and alloys are manufactured to aerospace industry AMS 2301 standard specifications of cleanliness, chemistry, strength, and mill traceability as well as exacting steelmaking, rolling, and testing practices.  Mission critical and highly stressed aircraft parts are fabricated from aircraft quality (AQ) steel alloys. Aircraft quality alloys are also used in non-aerospace applications for highly stressed, mission critical components involving additional stringent inspection requirements such as macro-etch limits, magnetic particle, or other NDT tests for inclusions or other defects. Certified aircraft quality steels have paperwork indicating the alloy is what it is supposed to be and what steel mill produced the product. 
   Alternative / Renewable Energy       Evaluated for alternative or renewable energy production products such as photovoltaic (PV) cells, solar power systems, wind turbines, hydro turbines, and flywheel power systems. 
   Automotive / Vehicular       Products are designed and rated for use in automobiles, trailer trucks, trailers, railcars, off-road trucks, and other vehicles. 
   Bearings (BQ)       Bearing quality steels and alloys are produced in accordance with ASTM A 534, A 295, and A 485. Bearing quality steels are produced under restricted melting and special teeming, heating, rolling, and conditioning methods to meet the rigid bearing quality steel requirements. Bearing quality standards typically apply to alloy steel bars and tubes intended for the manufacture of races and balls or rollers in anti-friction bearings, oil well perforating gun bullets, dies, punches, shear and cutting blades, and cam rollers. Bearing quality level steels are usually produced from standard alloy carburizing grades and high-carbon chromium grades such as 52100 alloy steel. 
   Battery / Fuel Cell       Material is suitable for use in battery or fuel cell as a collector plate, proton exchange membrane, or catalyst. 
   Chemical / Materials Processing       Materials provide high temperature and/or corrosion resistance, making them suitable for chemical processing applications.  
   Construction & Building / Architectural       Materials are designed or suitable for use in architectural, building, and construction applications.  
   Electrical / HV Parts       Materials are used to fabricate electrical parts for high voltage or power applications. 
   Electronics / RF-Microwave       Materials are suitable for electronics applications, including RF and microwave circuits, antennas, RMI and EFI shielding, and microelectronics interconnects. 
   Marine       Products are designed for use in marine applications aboard ships or in offshore settings. Uses include fishing, mooring, docks, jetties, platforms, piers, and ship construction such as hull and deck plates. 
   Mining       Alloys engineered for use in very corrosive and abrasive applications around mines and mining operations. Mining industry operations include excavation, water and slurry pumping, earth moving, and drilling under conditions where abrasive, corrosive, and erosive minerals, rocks, and soils are handled. 
   MRO (Repair / Resurfacing)       Metals and alloys are suitable for repair, hole or gap filling, patching, refinishing, resurfacing, and other maintenance and repair (MRO) applications.  
   Nuclear       Metals and alloys engineered for parts, products, capital equipment, or facilities used in the nuclear or utility industries. Nuclear grade stainless steels are manufactured to higher chemistry and cleanliness standards. Zirconium alloys such as Zircalloy are an excellent tube material choice for containment of uranium dioxide pellets because zirconium has a low neutron capture cross section. Inversely, hafnium has a high neutron capture cross section (neutron absorber) and is commonly used as a control rod alloy in nuclear reactors.  
   Oil and Gas       Metals and alloys suitable for applications that can handle exposure to corrosive sour gases, erosive drilling and mining fluids, and abrasive minerals. Oil and gas industry applications entail extracting, synthesizing or processing oils, gases, or fuels such as well drilling, well maintenance, pumping, oil refining, re-refining, recovery, and recycling. Alloy products are designed and rated for use in oil wells and platforms, natural gas wells, refineries, and in other energy exploration and extraction applications. 
   Structural       Structural applications require ceramic components with a suitable strength, elastic modulus, toughness, and other mechanical properties. These can have much higher ductility and toughness compared to other metals. 
   Wear Parts / Tooling       Wear-resistant metals are used in industrial products such as dies, molds, tooling, automotive rings, pump parts, valve seals/seats, stops, brake parts, clutch parts, and machining guides. 
   Other       Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary applications. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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