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Help with Food Additives specifications:

   Your choices are...         
   Aerator (Air Entrainment Agent)       Aerators or air entrainment agents are chemical additives that impart air bubbles into a formulation, such as a cement or food product. 
   Active Biochemical (API / Nutrient)       Suppliers can process, react, extract or synthesize biochemicals such as vitamins, proteins, peptides, amino acids, amino acid analogs, DNA, RNA, steroids, carbohydrates, oligonucleotides, lipids, animal fats, vegetable oils, waxes, sterols, triglycerides, other biological or botanical derivatives, active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), or high potency actives (HPAs).  
   Anti-caking / Free Flow       Anti-caking or free flow agents are added to powder or granular materials to improve or maintain good flow properties and prevent caking, lumping, or agglomeration. Fine silica additions are used in flour to maintain flowability. 
   Adjuvant / Enhancer       Adjuvants or enhancers boost the performance or effect of the main ingredient(s), active chemical(s) or other additives in a product. For instance, a flavor or flavor enhancer such as MSG intensifies the taste of meat or meat flavorants. Drug adjuvants such aluminum are added to vaccines to boost a person's immune response, which increases the effectiveness of the vaccine. 
   Aroma / Fragrance       Aromas or fragrances are additives that provide a smell. They are used in foods, beverages, cosmetics, and personal care products. 
   Binding Agent       Binders and binding agents are additives, such as waxes, polyethylene glycol, or microcellulose, used to bind powders, fibers, or particulates into agglomerates, consolidated pellets, or compacts. The binders make the material easier to handle. 
   Carrier Solvent / Oil       Carriers consist of solvents or oils used as the starting base ingredient. Other additives, active agents and ingredients are dissolved or dispersed into the carrier solvent or oil. 
   Defoamer / Deaerator (Air Release)       Defoamers and deaerators aid in releasing entrapped air from a formulation. 
   Demulsifier       Demulsifiers render oil droplets dispersed in water or water-based fluid insoluble, so that the oil or lubricant can be separated from the metal-working fluid. 
   Dispersing Agent / Deflocculant       Dispersing agents and deflocculants are used to suspend or disperse fine particles in a liquid or solution. Deflocculants break up agglomerated particles or flocs so that they can be more easily suspended or dispersed. Deflocculants are useful in forming colloids or suspensions. Usually, these additives create a charged layer on the surface of the particles, causing the particles to repel each other. 
   Emulsifier       Emulsifiers have the ability to disperse oil droplets in water or a water-based fluid. They are also available for dispersing water droplets in oil or an oil-based fluid. 
   Encapsulation / Delivery System       Encapsulation and delivery systems are used to introduce a drug into a patient and/or deliver the drug to the point of action.  Some drug delivery agents or systems may also provide prolonged or time controlled release mechanism. Encapsulation agents may protect the drug from degradation before delivery to the patient or to the site of action within the patient. 
   Extender (Bulking Agent / Diluent)       Extenders, fillers or bulking agents are used to provide an inert fill in a product to increase volume and reduce costs without detracting from quality or performance. Diluents are inert, nonreactive liquids that act as diluting agents, carriers or bulking additives. Petroleum base stocks are common diluents or bulking additive in paints and pesticides. 
   Film Former / Drying Aid       Film formers, coalescing agents and drying aids are used to aid in the formation of a coherent and dense polymer or organic coating/film during curing or drying processes. 
   Fermentation Aid       Chemical additives and agents are used in fermentation applications, such as active biochemicals (nutrients, APIs), pH modifiers and buffers, stabilizers, flavorants, inhibitors, preservatives, antioxidants, adjuvants or enhancers, dispersing agents, emulsifiers, surfactants, metal removal agents (water softeners), and sequestrants or chelating agents. 
   Flavorant / Flavoring Agent       Flavorants, essential oils, extracts or flavoring agents provide a specific flavor such as bitter, salty, sweet, sour, fruity, pungent, savory, chocolate, vanilla, cherry, maple, orange, etc. Flavors or flavors can be natural or artificial. Examples of artificial flavorants are isoamyl acetate (banana), ethyl propionate (fruity), limonene (orange), ethyl-(E, Z)-2, 4-decadienoate (pear), allyl hexanoate (pineapple) and methyl salicylate (wintergreen). 
   Flavor Enhancer       Flavor enhancers include savory flavorants that enhance the taste of a flavor. Most flavor enhancers are sodium or calcium salts or amino acid or nucleotides. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a common example that falls in this category. It is used to enhance meat flavors. 
   Germicide / Antimicrobial       Germicides or antimicrobial agents are effective in killing smaller microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and other germs. Certain germicides are targeted to kill specific microbes or specific species of microbes. 
   Humectant / Moisturizer (Hydrophiling)       Moisturizers, hydrophilers or humectants retain water or moisture in a product. Hydrophilers or hydrophiling agents impart a hydrophilic or water attracting nature to a formulation or product. Hydrophobic or water-repelling is the opposite of hydrophilic. 
   Inhibitor       Chemical inhibitors suppress, decrease, or prevent reactions such as corrosion or electrochemical reactions, combustion or flame reactions (fire retardants), oxidation reaction, or biochemical reactions. 
   Leavening Agent       Leavening agents are used to introduce carbon dioxide gas, air, or steam into a dough or batter to lighten the texture and increase the volume of bread and baked goods. Baking powder, baking soda and yeast are common agents used to make baked goods rise before baking. 
   Preservative       Preservatives prevent or limit the degradation of a product due to environmental attack. Food preservatives include antioxidants, salts, acids, sugar, sequestrants, chelating agents, and other additives that prevent spoilage due to oxidation or microbial attack. Wood preservatives include biocides such as insecticides and fungicides to prevent attack by fungi and insects (e.g., termites or carpenter ants). Preservatives are also added to drugs or pharmaceuticals, paints, and coatings. 
   Propellant       Propellants are formulation additives used to dispense or aerosolize a product from a spray can or container. 
   Oxidation Inhibitor / Anti-oxidant       Anti-oxidants are additives used to inhibit oxidation, a process which degrades many natural and organic products. 
   Sequestrant / Chelating Agent       Additives or agents are for sequestering or chelating metal ions into metal complexes or chelates. Sequestrants or chelating agents consist of a ligand molecule that surrounds the metal ion like a claw or caliper, forming the chelate or metal complex. Sequestrants or chelating agents form multiple chemical bonds with the metal ions, which holds the metals in solution. EDTA or ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid is a common sequestrant or chelating agent. Chelation and sequestration processes are useful for preventing scaling, softening water, binding or complexation of heavy metals, and stabilizing bleach.  Chelates, chelators or sequestering agents are also used a food preservative, to stabilize iron fortification in foods and as a stabilizer in many other products.  
   Settling Agent / Flocculant       Settling agents, coagulant, and flocculants  remove fine particles that are dispersed or suspended in a liquid or solution. The settling agent or flocculant causes fine particle to clump or coagulate together into larger agglomerates or flocs. The agglomerated particulates drop out of the suspension and fall to the bottom. 
   Solubilizer / Hydrotrope       Solubilizer or solvency additives are chemical agents used to increase or maintain the solubility of another chemical, active ingredient, or additive in a product formulation. Hydrotropes are a specific type of solubilizing agent designed to keep a surfactant soluble. 
   Syrup / Sweetener       Sweeteners provide sweetness or the taste of sugar.  Sweeteners include cane sugar or sucrose, corn syrup, fructose, fruit juice syrups or concentrates, sorbitol, xylitol, polyols, honey, molasses, stevia, cyclamates, saccharin, aspartame, sucralose, neotame and acesulfame potassium.  Sweeteners can be natural or artificial (synthetic sugar substitutes). Artificial sweeteners approved for use in the U.S. include saccharin, aspartame, sucralose, neotame and acesulfame potassium. Artificial sweeteners have lower carbohydrate or calorie levels, which make them useful in treating obesity. Artificial sweeteners do not impact glucose level in the body, which allows diabetics to use these sweeteners. 
   Thickener / Gelling Agent       Thickening agents, gelling promoters, and thickeners are additives which increase viscosity and reduce flow. Thickeners can be useful in coatings or paints to reduce running or streaking. 
   Thinner / Flow Promoter       Flowability agents, flow promoters, solvents, and thinners are additives which reduce viscosity and enhance flow. Solvents and diluents can be used to thin a product. Solvent will dissolve a binder, while diluent will thin. 
   pH Modifier - Acid / Acidulant       Acids or acidulants donate hydrogen ions in aqueous solutions to decrease the pH level or increase acidity. Acid compounds provide a pH lower than 7 when added to water. Acids provide a sour taste when used as food additives. They corrode metals and form good electrolytes in battery applications. Strong acids can sting and burn the skin on contact. 
   pH Modifier - Base       Bases or alkali compounds absorb hydronium ions in aqueous solutions, raising the pH level or increasing alkalinity. Alkali bases donate hydroxide ions to raise the pH. Base compounds provide a pH greater than 7 when added to water. 
   Buffer / Buffering Agent       Buffers consist of a weak acid or weak base. Buffers and buffering agents stabilize the pH of a product within narrow limits by regulating the concentrations of the acid and conjugate base.  
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted, proprietary or specialized function. 
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   Your choices are...         
   Bulk Solid / Granules       Chemical agents or additives are in the form of bulk solids, pellets, flakes, chunks, crushed material, or granules. 
   Colloid / Dispersion       Chemical agents or additives are in the form of a colloid, emulsion, or dispersion. 
   Liquid / Solution       Chemical agents or additives are in the form of a liquid, or are dissolved in a solution. 
   Powder       Chemical agents or additives are in the form of a powder. Powders are finely divided or powdered forms of chemicals, metals, minerals, or other raw materials. 
   Other       Chemical agents or additives are provided in another unlisted form, such as a gas. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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   Your choices are...         
   Artificial / Synthetic       Chemical agents or additives are artificial, synthetic, or man-made materials. 
   Natural       Chemical agents or additives are natural or derived from a natural source with minimal processing. 
   Inorganic Chemical / Salt       Chemical agents or additives are an inorganic chemical or salt. 
   Organic Chemical / Polymer       Chemical agents or additives are an organic chemical or polymer. Organic chemicals include alcohols, alfol esters, glycol ethers, halogenated hydrocarbons, organometallics, silicones, oils, greases, petroleum distillates, waxes, and other hydrocarbon compounds. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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