From Worldwide Destinations: The Geography of Travel and Tourism, Fourth Edition

Chapter List

Chapter 1: An introduction to the geography of travel and tourism
Chapter 2: The geography of demand for tourism
Chapter 3: The geography of resources for tourism
Chapter 4: Climate and tourism
Chapter 5: The geography of transport for travel and tourism

Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Define and use the terms leisure, recreation and tourism and understand their interrelationships.

  • Distinguish between the different forms of tourism and the relationship of different types of tourist with the environment.

  • Appreciate the importance of scale in explaining patterns of tourism.

  • Identify the three major geographical components of tourism tourist-generating areas, tourist-receiving areas and transit routes.

  • Explain the push and pull factors that give rise to tourist flows.

  • Appreciate the main methods used to measure tourist flows and be aware of their shortcomings.

Leisure, Recreation And Tourism

What exactly is meant by the terms leisure, recreation and tourism and how are they related? Leisure is often seen as a measure of time and usually means the time left over after work, sleep and personal and household chores have been completed (Figure 1.1). In other words, leisure time is free time for individuals to spend as they please. This does, however, introduce the problem of whether all free time is leisure. A good example of this dilemma is whether the unemployed feel that their free time is in fact 'enforced' leisure, or whether volunteers at a sporting event see their activity as 'serious leisure'.

Products & Services
Statistical Analysis Software
Statistical analysis software analyzes data to make predictions using statistical methods. It can be used to solve manufacturing problems, develop efficient industrial processes, or to make breakthrough discoveries.
Shipping and Freight Services
Shipping and freight services transport packages, letters, freight, cargo, finished goods, and raw materials.
Graphing and Visualization Software
Graphing and visualization software visually present abstract scientific data. The programs take numerical data and create (render) images for analysis.
ISO Containers
ISO containers, also called intermodal containers, are designed to transport freight by ship, truck or rail.
Boats, Ships, and Off Shore Vessels
Boats, ships and offshore vessels are used to transport products, materials, and personnel on oceans, lakes, rivers, and canals.

Topics of Interest

Chapter List Chapter 6: An introduction to the tourism geography of Europe Chapter 7: An introduction to the tourism geography of Britain Chapter 8: The tourism geography of England and the Channel...

Objectives and learning outcomes How important are recreation, leisure and tourism to national economies? Why do these industries provide so many new jobs? What is the globalization of recreation...

The purpose of this first chapter is to focus on a number of economic characteristics of the tourism sector. They are the fundamentals of many aspects of the economics of tourism to which we shall...

Chapter List Chapter 12: Income, employment and prices Chapter 13: Economic development and regeneration Objectives and learning outcomes Chapter 9 looked at the effects of the economic environment...

Chapter List Chapter 4: Demand: time preference, elasticity and forecasting Chapter 5: Supply and costs Objectives and learning outcomes This chapter looks in more detail at demand. First it...