Intermodal Freight Transport

17.2: The International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail: RID

17.2 The International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail: RID

The transport of dangerous goods by rail in Europe and in certain other countries (see list above for ADR) is subject to the provisions of what are known as RID (the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail). These are contained in Annex 1 to the CIM Uniform Rules which in turn, form Appendix B to the COTIF. These RID Rules lay down minimum standards for the safe packing and transport of various types of dangerous goods travelling to or through another country, and parties to the Convention (which are the countries listed above) guarantee to permit the carriage of goods meeting these standards through their territory, even when their own domestic requirements may be different.

RID comprises three parts, broadly similar in structure and content to ADR (although historically, in fact, it is ADR which followed on from RID) as described above:

Part I

General requirements, the structure of the regulations, definitions, and a list of units of measurement.

Part II

Special requirements for the various classes of substances and articles which are categorized according to type of hazard into nine main classes (listed below, some of which are further subdivided, making a total of 13 in all. The numbering system for the classes follows UN Recommendations (in the Orange Book) mentioned previously.

Part III

Appendices providing details of technical requirements for testing and approval of tanks, receptacles and equipment, and other matters.

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