From Introduction to Health and Safety at Work: The Handbook for the NEBOSH National General Certificate, Second Edition

13.1 Introduction

Occupational health is concerned with physical and psychological hazards as well as chemical and biological hazards. The physical occupational hazards have been well-known for many years and the recent emphasis has been on the development of lower risk workplace environments. Physical hazards include topics such as electricity and manual handling which were covered in earlier chapters and noise, display screen equipment and radiation which are discussed in this chapter.

However, it is only really in the last twenty years that psychological hazards have been included among the occupational health hazards faced by many workers. This is now the most rapidly expanding area of occupational health and includes topics such as mental health and workplace stress, violence to staff, passive smoking, drugs and alcohol.

The physical and psychological hazards discussed in this chapter are covered by the following health and safety regulations:

  • Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992

  • Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992

  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992

  • Noise at Work Regulations 1989

  • Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999.

13.2 Task and Workstation Design

13.2.1 The Principles and Scope of Ergonomics

Ergonomics is the study of the interaction between workers and their work in the broadest sense, in that it encompasses the whole system surrounding the work process. It is, therefore, as concerned with the work organization, process and design of the workplace and work methods as it is with work equipment. The common definitions of ergonomics, the man-machine interface or fitting the man to the machine...

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Regulatory and Safety Communications Services
Regulatory communications and safety communications services firms aid companies in authoring, writing and editing environmental, health and safety (EH&S), good pharmaceutical proactive (GxP) documents, and signs and labeling required by federal, state or local regulations.
Operator Interface Mounts and Arms
Operator interface mounts and operator interface arms are articulating components used to hold and position industrial computer monitors, keyboards or other operator interfaces.
Safety and Health Services
Safety and health services perform testing, consulting and analytical activities related to worker protection, industrial hygiene, process accidents, facility dangers, occupational hazards, and consumer product safety.
Platforms and Walkways

Platforms and walkways are equipment access structures that enable regular maintenance and inspection activites at elevated workspaces. Systems incorporate structural supports, walking surface decking or planks, framing, hardware, and accessories such as handrails, access gates, stairs, ladders, and kick plates.

Laboratory and Calibration Gases
Laboratory and calibration gases are specialized for use as laboratory standards, as well as for detection, sample preparation, environmental monitoring and analysis applications.

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