From Fundamentals of Power Electronics with MATLAB


The design equations developed for the buck converter in Chapter 3 are a subset of a general set of equations that are applicable to a great variety of DC-DC converters. These types of converters are called two-level DC-DC converters because of the two voltage levels of the inductor voltage waveform. In this chapter the principles of analysis applied to the buck converter are generalized as a theory from which the design equations for other converters are formulated. The general theory is developed and applied to the boost and buck/boost converters, both in CCM and DCM operation.

The terms buck and boost come from electrical transformer jargon. A bucking, or buck, transformer is a step-down transformer that outputs a lower secondary voltage than the primary source. The rated secondary current is greater than the primary current by a factor of the ratio of the primary to secondary voltages. A boost transformer steps the source voltage up to a higher voltage but requires a primary current that is greater than the secondary current by a factor of the ratio of the secondary to primary voltages. These voltage and current relationships are also true for the buck and boost converters, except that the voltages and currents are DC rather than AC. Indeed, DC-DC converters are often called "DC transformers." As the name implies, the buck/boost converter can output voltage magnitudes that are greater or less than the source.


The primary energy-transfer element in...

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Switching Power Supplies
Switching power supplies are DC sources that use a switching element (normally a power transistor) to generate the desired voltage. Switching power supplies are also called switch-mode products or switching mode power supplies (SMPS).
DC-DC Converter Chips
DC-DC converter chips provide a regulated DC voltage output from a different, unregulated input voltage. 
IC Switching Voltage Regulators
IC switching voltage regulators are integrated circuits (ICs) that store energy in an inductor, transformer, or capacitor and then use this storage device to transfer energy from the input to the output in discrete packets over a low-resistance switch.
Single Phase Transformers
Single-phase transformers output single-phase AC power, typically while stepping-up or stepping-down the voltage between two circuits.
Board Mount Transformers
Board mount transformers are transformers designed to be embedded in or mounted on computer boards.

Topics of Interest

INTRODUCTION The prior chapters on DC-DC converters presented circuit models without dynamic characteristics. Those models present no indication of how the converter behaves under transient...

CHAPTER LIST Chapter 4: Introduction to DC-DC Converters The Buck Converter Chapter 5: General Theory of Two-Level DC-DC Converters Boost and Buck/Boost Converters Chapter 6: Dynamic Modeling and...

OVERVIEW So far, we have derived equivalent circuit models for dc-dc pulse-width modulation (PWM) converters operating in the continuous conduction mode. As illustrated in Fig. 11.1, the basic dc...

A AC (alternating current) circuits, average power in, 14-15 rectification, 63 transformers, 316-320 voltage, generating from DC source, 315-316 alphasolv function, 165 alternating, and VAC...

As described in Chapter 3, all power DC/DC converters are treated as a second-order-hold (SOH) element in digital control systems. We will discuss this model in various circuits in this chapter. 7.1...