From The Handbook of Hazardous Materials Spills Technology

Chapter List

Chapter 13: Containment and Confinement of Hazardous Chemical Spills
Chapter 14: Cleanup of Chemical Spills Using Air Sparging
Chapter 15: Sorbents for Chemical Spill Treatment
Chapter 16: Analysis of Hazardous Materials Using Equipment in Vehicle-Portable (Level 3) Spill Response Vehicles
Clyde Strong, President, Clyde Strong & Associates, Inc., College Station



Containment refers to actions taken to keep a material in its container, such as plugging or patching a leaking 55-gallon drum. Confinement refers to the procedures taken to keep a material in a defined or localized area once it has been released. Confinement is used when the chemical has breached the container and it is desirable to keep the material within defined boundaries. Confinement may be viewed as a defensive activity, and containment as an offensive activity. Through the effective use of containment and confinement, the spread of the spill or release is minimized; people, property, and the environment are protected; and cleanup and recovery operations become more efficient.

13.1.1 Major Factors for Consideration

Two major points should be considered when developing containment/confinement strategies. Safety of response personnel is the primary consideration for any response action. While responders are taught to enter from an upwind, uphill, upstream position to deal with emergency situations, they may have to respond downwind, downhill, and downstream to contain/ confine a spill. Responders may be required to work in, or at least in close proximity to the material that is spilling or being released. Proper monitoring...

Products & Services
Absorbents and Adsorbents
Absorbents and adsorbents are minerals or chemicals that can capture liquids or gases.
Spill Containment Systems
Spill containment systems are used to capture and contain unintentional spills of liquid media. They are also called secondary containment systems.
Remediation Services
Remediation services include oil or chemical spill clean up, restoration of contaminated sites, and hazardous waste management.
Evaporative Coolers
Evaporative coolers are cooling devices that use the evaporation of water into the air to cool the air temperature. They are sometimes called air coolers, desert coolers or swamp coolers.
Waterway Barriers and Booms
Waterway barriers and waterway booms are safety and security devices that contain debris or spills, restrict vessel and port access or act as water hazard and dam safety barriers.

Topics of Interest

Chapter List Chapter 17: Practical Uses of Air Plume Modeling in Chemical Emergencies Chapter 18: Spreading of Cold Dense Clouds Chapter 19: Evaluation Methodologies for Dense Gas Dispersion Models...

Leaks and spills of any kind are unacceptable in a contemporary work setting, because slippery, dirty floors are dangerous, and because the materials released may be hazardous to human health and the...

Spill response, containment and cleanup can be smooth processes with a comprehensive plan, the right products and well-trained employees. That's just one part of the equation, though.

Chapter List Chapter 28: Disposal of Waste Chapter 29: Disposal of Small-Scale Spills K. E. Sellers, AMEC Earth & Environmental, Inc., Westford Massachusetts 28.1 INTRODUCTION Spill response often...

Chemical spill or a bloodborne pathogen spill can be hazardous not only to personnel coming into immediate contact with the spill, but to the environment, as well. This makes the cleanup and...