Technical Articles

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PHOENIX CONTACT USA


PHOENIX CONTACT USA has published these technical articles:

(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
NYC Transit operates 820 miles of track, making it one of the largest rail transit systems in the world. Millions of people ride the subway every day. In fact, in September 2014, the agency recorded... (View Full Article)
(Surge Suppressors)
From this Article:
Today's rail industry is a growing, reliable and fuel-efficient form of ground freight and passenger transportation. The rail industry is one of our nation's critical infrastructures and is composed... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
A U.S. automotive manufacturer wanted to automate the air houses and exhaust fans in the paint shop of a legacy factory. The size and complexity of the facility made hard-wiring a logistical... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
From this Article:
When Audi AG redesigned its Audi A3, the company needed an entire new assembly line in Ingolstadt, Germany. This third-generation assembly line had special requirements for flexibility, performance,... (View Full Article)
(Uninterruptible Power Supplies)
From this Article:
Selecting the proper battery for an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system can be a complicated process in any application. Designers must understand several factors to make the proper decision:... (View Full Article)
(Wire and Cable)
From this Article:
Today's machines and plants generally communicate using Ethernet with 100 megabits per second (Mbps). However, many applications, such as cameras for quality inspection, servers to document quality... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Computing)
From this Article:
Modbus is a very simple protocol, and for that reason, it is very widely used. The simplest topology consists of a single master (or client), and a slave (server). Multiple slaves or servers are... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
From this Article:
Electroland specializes in large-scale public art projects that create interactive experiences. The team found that the technology commonly used in the industry was not robust enough for permanent... (View Full Article)
(Relays and Relay Accessories)
From this Article:
Electrical parameters are among the most important parameters monitored in a modern machine or system. Regardless of the industry, processes must run without disturbances, whether the application is... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
Because of the cold temperatures, company employees rarely want to step outside to monitor tank levels, which change at very slow rates. This results in the possibility of tank overflow and oil theft.... (View Full Article)
(Power Supplies)
From this Article:
When a control system requires battery backup, several factors drive the selection for the uninterruptible power supply (UPS) battery. Designers must understand the temperature range for the... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
With the advent of Stuxnet, cybersecurity attacks on control and SCADA systems have become a reality. The threat of cybersecurity attacks on our nation's critical control systems infrastructure, which... (View Full Article)
(Power Supply and Conditioning)
From this Article:
Today's control systems increasingly use 24 V DC power. This places more demand than ever before on the power supply in the control cabinet. It also creates the need for larger power supplies to... (View Full Article)
(Temperature Sensing)
From this Article:
More than 60 percent of all industrial temperature measurement applications in the U.S. use thermocouples. Despite their widespread use, there are many misconceptions about thermocouples. This paper... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Circuit housings used in industrial and utility applications have requirements often not needed in the commercial or consumer electronics industries. The device may be used in locations as diverse as... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Big Drum Engineering needed a system that would guarantee constant availability of its network for customers like Nestlé and Unilever. The company implemented the mGuard from Innominate, a subsidiary... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Ethernet/IP has become increasuingly popular.... (View Full Article)
(Surge Suppressors)
From this Article:
Data throughput demands of fourth generation telecommunication systems have acted as a stimulus for a paradigm shift of the cell tower structure. This paradigm shift has included the implementation... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Cyber-security has been a headline-grabbing topic recently, both in the commercial and industrial worlds. Many control engineers, maintenance staff and plant managers would like to be proactive with... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
This document specifies the requirements for a control and monitoring system for an onshore low-pressure, low-temperature oil and gas wellhead. The described system and associated devices shall meet... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
Process instrumentation has undergone impressive advancements over the past 70 years, starting with air pressure in the 1940s, to magnetic-based electronics generating 10-50 mA in the 1950s and 60s,... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Malicious code, a Trojan program deliberately inserted into SCADA system software, manipulated valve positions and compressor outputs to cause a massive natural gas explosion along the Trans-Siberian... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
This paper introduces the basic terminology used to describe wireless systems and their accessories. It also covers the basic steps for installing a typical network from designing a concept to the... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Computing)
From this Article:
Key Concepts: * PC-based control systems are becoming increasingly common on the factory floor, but selecting the wrong industrial PC can lead to downtime, or even worse, lost production. * Common... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Computing)
From this Article:
Modern industrial PCs are gaining popularity as a control platform for automation systems. From automotive production lines to water/wastewater applications, these high performance machines can... (View Full Article)
(Signal Converting)
From this Article:
Wireless technology has come a long way since the development of wireless signaling techniques in the late 1800s. Today, wireless technologies of many types are used in a variety of applications... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
A transit agency needed to automate its fare collection system for better efficiency. As part of the automation project, the agency also wanted to monitor other station events to simplify the job for... (View Full Article)
(Uninterruptible Power Supplies)
From this Article:
When a control system requires battery backup, several factors drive the design for the uninterruptible power supply (UPS) section. First and foremost, the designer must understand the voltage,... (View Full Article)
(Relays and Relay Accessories)
From this Article:
There comes a point in machine safety design when the designer needs to decide if it makes more sense to use multiple safety relays or to upgrade to a safety controller. This point typically occurs... (View Full Article)
(Wire and Cable Accessories)
From this Article:
More machine builders are implementing Lean product design to meet the needs of individual customers. These modular production cells need to be lean, cost-effective and individually configurable.... (View Full Article)
(Power Supply and Conditioning)
From this Article:
Low-power electrical transients generated within a facility are the primary cause of failure to AC/DC power supplies. These transients reduce the life of power supplies and create unplanned downtime.... (View Full Article)
(Relays and Relay Accessories)
From this Article:
Innovative safety components and services from Phoenix Contact play a significant role here when it comes to protecting operators and machines.... (View Full Article)
(Connectors)
From this Article:
The rail industry uses legacy technology to handle the long-standing problem of identifiying train location. Modern day developments - like overhanging loads and multiple rail systems - have increased... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
Ipsen supports its equipment across the globe using the mGuard VPN router from Phoenix Contact, which allows secure remote access via the Internet.... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
For Inteva Products, a high level of plant availability and uninterrupted deliverability is critically important. The automotive supplier produces sun roofs and other automotive products for OEMs. Due... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Machine Safeguarding)
From this Article:
Following its discovery in June 2010, the Stuxnet worm caused a worldwide sensation. It is the first publicly known rootkit attack targeted at industrial plants. It has infected tens of thousands of... (View Full Article)
(Connectors)
From this Article:
Today's industrial control engineers and installers need to save space in the cabinet and reduce installation time. They need connection technology that is smaller, faster, safer and error-free, all... (View Full Article)
(Power Supply and Conditioning)
From this Article:
Newer energy-monitoring devices can detect electric current usage through inputs from onboard or external current transformers. Through user-accessible variable alarm and shutdown set points, the... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Machine Safeguarding)
From this Article:
Machine safety standards are changing and this will affect machine builders who export into the European Union. It also affects those who use the risk analysis and safety categories defined in EN... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
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A customer case study.... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
From this Article:
Public health and safety depend on the availability and reliability of water systems. Cyber attacks on information technology (IT) networks are well known, but attacks on the control systems used to... (View Full Article)
(Wire and Cable)
From this Article:
There are several important considerations to take into account when deciding on which type of cables and connectors to use for any specific application. This white paper will help you make the proper... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
Antenna selection can be one of the most confusing parts of designing a wireless system. This paper provides guidelines for antenna selection. It will explore antenna theory and recommend practical... (View Full Article)
(Signal Conditioning)
From this Article:
When a system requires a redundant 24 VDC power system, it is critical that specific processes or devices must remain powered.... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
This paper provides an overview of the various license-free, spread-spectrum technologies and their appropriate use for industrial applications.... (View Full Article)
(Computer Peripherals)
From this Article:
Key concepts: * Improvements in technology have made NAND-based solid-state flash drives increasingly attractive to the embedded sector * Benefits of flash drives include convenience, durability,... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
From this Article:
Programming a control system represents a major portion of the non-recurring engineering costs for a new system. A controller must not only perform its core control functions, but is also an... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
After conducting an internal risk analysis at its Emden production plant, Volkswagen AG found that its Ethernet networks were at risk of unauthorized access. To keep unwanted traffic off its... (View Full Article)
(Surge Suppressors)
From this Article:
The use of Power over Ethernet (PoE) will increase because of its ease of implementation and low cost of installation. These devices are frequently installed in open-air, unshielded environments,... (View Full Article)
(Electrical and Electronic Contract Manufacturing)
From this Article:
Even during the earliest stages of designing a machine, the builder must consider the machine's entire lifecycle. Strategic thinking during design phase is vital in achieving electrical or mechanical... (View Full Article)
(Surge Suppressors)
From this Article:
The technologies behind the control of movable structures continue to advance and increase in sophistication. While relay logic is a mainstay in the control of these structures, programmable logic... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Today in the U.S. industrial sector, the focus is on being as cost conscious, lean, and value-rich as possible. This focus starts with efficient production. Whether the business model requires... (View Full Article)
(Power Supply and Conditioning)
From this Article:
In September 2009, IEEE ratified Standard 802.3at, revising the original Power over Ethernet (PoE) 802.3af. Now known as Power over Ethernet+ (or PoE+), the new standard increases the utility of an... (View Full Article)
(Surge Suppressors)
From this Article:
The frequency and magnitude of lightning strikes in the Gulf of Mexico and their effect on offshore oil applications are well documented. Recognizing the prevalence of lightning strikes in this... (View Full Article)
(Power Supplies)
From this Article:
Large-scale photovoltaic systems will become an increasingly common source of power. Damage in these large fields or rooftop systems can decrease the electricity yield and the operator's profits.... (View Full Article)
(Communications Software)
From this Article:
With rapid advancements in automation technology, more customers are seeking single source responsibility for integrated solutions. Therefore, companies aspiring to be solution providers need to offer... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Controls Software)
From this Article:
All things come to an end. And so it is with Microsoft® Extended Support and Security Updates for Windows 2000, which will expire in July 2010. Any manufacturer with industrial applications based... (View Full Article)
(Signal Converting)
From this Article:
Where do you find signals in industrial/semi-industrial settings? Everywhere. Generally, devices such as sensors, actuators, switches, valves and cameras need signal connections for control and... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
A transit agency needed to automate its fare collection system for better efficiency. As part of the automation project, the agency also wanted to monitor other station events to simplify the job for... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Two major government transit authorities needed to automate sensor systems in tunnels to monitor multiple parameters in those tunnels. If these parameters go beyond threshold levels, the system will... (View Full Article)
(RF, Microwave, and Wireless Components)
From this Article:
Year after year, more industrial applications are using wireless technologies. Users benefit from this as wireless solutions offer a higher degree of mobility and flexibility. Often, one reason for... (View Full Article)
(Electrical Distribution and Protection)
From this Article:
The subject of short circuit current ratings, otherwise known as the SCCR, has been gaining increasing international awareness since the publication of the 2005 Edition of ANSI/NFPA 70 by the National... (View Full Article)
(Access Control, Communication and Security)
From this Article:
K12 Defense quickly converts vehicle barriers from messy hydraulics to clean PLC-controlled electric operation... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Controls Software)
From this Article:
A German wastewater facility upgrading its facility needed consistent process optimization and high plant availability, all at a cost-effective price.... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
A system integrator wanted to simplify the wireless SCADA system for one of its wastewater customers. Phoenix Contact's Radioline was easy to install in the necessary configurations.... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
From this Article:
A brief introduction to "soft" control systems and real-time computing with an emphasis on PC-based control systems.... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Cellular communications are becoming increasingly popular in industrial process applications where traditional wired and wireless communications are not possible. The cellular network provides access... (View Full Article)
(Electrical Distribution and Protection)
From this Article:
Modern industrial, commercial, and residential life depend on the availability of electricity. The electricity supplied must be at a level of quality to facilitate efficient performance of today's... (View Full Article)
(Industrial Computing)
From this Article:
When Chaucer said that all good things must come to an end, he undoubtedly was not referring to Windows XP's end of life. However, as XP has just passed 12 years of existence, there are plenty of IT... (View Full Article)
(Process Controllers)
From this Article:
Energy Systems Engineering wanted to improve many processes in the irrigation system in Lindsay, California. The company used Phoenix Contact TWE radios and PLCs as part of an extensive SCADA system... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
BP validates Phoenix Contact Trusted Wireless technology for reliable data transmission in high EMI environments. Data radios with I/O provide easy-to-wire-and-install wireless system for access to... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
Wireless systems are no longer the technology of the future; it is the technology of the here and now. More power generation and T&D companies are embracing this form of communications because of... (View Full Article)
(Networking Equipment)
From this Article:
ZIPPE Industrieanlagen has long offered its customers remote service, but the original system did not meet the demand for real-time diagnosis and problem solving. ZIPPE turned to the FL mGuard... (View Full Article)