Technical Articles

Chromalox has published these technical articles:

(Temperature Sensing)
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Adoption of industrial sensor networks (IWSNs) reduces installation costs, solves complications with hard-to-reach sensing locations and expedites implementation of advanced diagnostics. It is a...
(Heating and Cooling Equipment)
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Permitting and pollution costs associated with fossil-fired fuels have driven large-scale oil and gas operations, petrochemical plants and power generation facilities to explore alternative process...
(Uncategorized)
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This article deals with the basic principles of heat transfer and the calculations used for pipes and vessels. By understanding fundamental heat transfer concepts, you can use them used to arrive at a...
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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The customer required three different versions of silicone laminate heaters to maintain the temperature above 5ยบ C and to prevent freezing of diesel engine fluid (DEF) throughout various parts of an...
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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UL 197 is a primary safety standard for electric cooking equipment manufacturers referencing the UL 1030 and UL 499 standards for sheathed electric heating elements....
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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This white paper examines the limitations of both traditional immersion heaters and cumbersome stand pipe heaters. These limitations have led Chromalox engineers to the innovative solution of tank...
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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The objective of any heating application is to raise or maintain the temperature of a solid, liquid or gas to or at a level suitable for a particular process or application. Most heating applications...
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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The comeback of bedbugs is becoming a legal and public-relations headache for the hotel industry. Chromalox has a convenient, discrete chemical free solution to the problem....
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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Methyl bromide has been a very important fumigant for control of insects, ranging from soil nematodes to flour beetles found in grain mills. However, this chemical is one that contributes to...
(Heating and Cooling Equipment)
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The principles of heat transfer are well understood and are briefl y described below. Heat energy is transferred by three basic modes. All heating applications involve each mode to a greater or lesser...
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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The viscosity of oils and hydrocarbons varies widely with type and temperature. Since highly viscous liquids transfer heat poorly, sheath watt densities and operating temperatures are critical in oil...
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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There are very few elegant solutions for mid-to-large scale heavy industrial applications that require compact, high-temperature heating sources capable of delivering precise heat energy to a targeted...
(Lab Thermal Processing)
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Physical & Thermodynamic Properties of Common Gases...
(Heating and Cooling Equipment)
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Infrared energy is radiant energy which passes through space in the form of electromagnetic waves (Figure 1). Like light, it can be refl ected and focused. Infrared energy does not depend on air for...
(Specialized Industrial Products)
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Now, more than ever, engineering firms are being asked to design equipment that can handle extreme process conditions and extreme environments. As this trend continues, the need for equipment that can...
(Process Controllers)
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Whether building control panels for internal use or a paying customer, controlling cost always is a major concern. With fully burdened labor rates as high as $75 an hour, assembly and installation...
(Heating and Cooling Equipment)
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Medium voltage technology greatly reduces installation, operating, and maintenance cost for a multitude of thermal processes throughout an entire facility....
(Industrial Heaters and Heating Elements)
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Chromalox's fire sprinkler pipe freeze protection system addresses operability, code approval, cost and installation approved to current NFPA 13, IEEE 515.1 and UL 515A standards for testing, design,...