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Technical Articles

Mad City Labs, Inc. has published these technical articles:

(Linear and Rotary Motion Components)
From this Article:
Achieving precision motion at the micron level is an impressive feat: a carefully choreographed waltz of experiment design, instrumentation, and a keen eye for detail. It stands to reason that...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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When looking for a positioning solution, customers often skip directly to an off-the-shelf option, believing it will always be the most cost-effective and expedient approach. However, the reality of...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
Position noise in a nanopositioner as a function of frequency is quantifi ed with the help of a known sine-wave reference signal, allowing scaling to reflect the peak-topeak noise-power spectrum of...
(Positioning Stages, Slides and Guides)
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When working at the nanoscale, every input has seismic impact on a researcher's ability to view, position, or manipulate the object of their attention. Whether the application is in single-molecule...
(Linear and Rotary Motion Components)
From this Article:
The following test demonstrates that a nanopositioning system with PicoQ® sensor technology (model Nano-HS3) has sufficiently low position noise and high accuracy to resolve single atomic steps...
(Linear and Rotary Motion Components)
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Below, the surface roughness of a well-known sample is measured with a Mad City Labs AFM. The results of this test are significant because large position noise in a nanopositioner can obscure an AFM's...
(Linear and Rotary Motion Components)
From this Article:
The results of these tests are significant; if a nanopositioner's inherent position noise is larger than 0.1 nm, it cannot move in externally-detectable 95 pm step intervals. The AFM measurements...
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
From this Article:
For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves, arriving at the earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe. This confirms a...
(Linear and Rotary Motion Components)
From this Article:
Position sensors are the most critical elements in any closed loop nanopositioning system. Mad City Labs nanopositioning systems use proprietary PicoQ® sensor networks. PicoQ® sensor are in...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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New techniques require high precision with minuscule scanning dimensions....
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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The performance of nanopositioners can be demonstrated using atomic force microscopy (AFM) to image atomic steps....
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
the surface roughness of a well-known sample is measured with a Mad City Labs AFM. The results of this test are significant because large position noise in a nanopositioner can obscure an AFM's...
(Linear and Rotary Motion Components)
From this Article:
Mad City Labs closed loop nanopositioning systems are capable of providing picometer level positioning. Position noise, the lower limit on controllable motion, can be thought of as the true...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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Nanopositioning is a basic requirement in virtually all areas of nanotechnology research. And, because it implies very small motions controlled with a high degree of accuracy, it seems intuitive to...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
In the nanopositioning industry, prices continue to fall as resolution, linearity, and reliability improve. Engineers can now use standard optical components and off-the-shelf nanopositioners to build...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
Subangstrom-level noise and nonlinearities better than 0.05 percent make them strong competitors to capacitance sensors....
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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Stage Positioning Provides High-Speed Precision for 3-D Images...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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The following tests involve a Mad City Labs long range, low-profile nanopositioning system equipped with PicoQ® sensor technology (model Nano-LP100) performing a 1nm peak-to-peak sine wave and...
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
From this Article:
ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPES ARE IDEAL FOR NANOMECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION, BRINGING UTILITY TO NANOSCOPY APPLICATIONS AND EXCELLING IN CONDITIONS WHERE LOW LIGHT PRESENTS CHALLENGES OR SAMPLE INTEGRITY...
(Microscopy)
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Homemade AFMs are low-cost and high-performance and provide flexibility and customization...
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
From this Article:
Extreme metrology applications involve more than enough unknown variables. Instrumentation whose performance has been proven should not be one of them....
(Positioning Stages, Slides and Guides)
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NANOPOSITIONER APPLICATIONS, UTILITY, AND FUNCTIONALITY OFTEN ARE MISUNDERSTOOD - TO THE DETRIMENT OF RESEARCHERS WHOSE EXPERIMENTS MIGHT BENEFIT FROM THE STABILITY, PRECISION, AND REPEATABILITY THESE...
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
From this Article:
RESONANT PROBE ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPES' UNIQUE CONSTRUCTION AND FUNCTIONALITY ENABLE THEM TO SERVE IN APPLICATIONS DEMANDING SPOT-ON ACCURACY, ADAPTABILITY, AND EXCEPTIONALLY HIGH DEFINITION...
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
From this Article:
SINGLE-MOLECULE MICROSCOPY TECHNIQUES FACILITATE DIRECT STUDY OF MOLECULAR MECHANISMS, ENABLING LEAPS IN UNDERSTANDING SURROUNDING HOW VIRUSES ASSEMBLE, DISASSEMBLE, AND INTERACT WITH THEIR HOSTS....
(Positioning Stages, Slides and Guides)
From this Article:
When evaluating nanopositioners and their performance, interpreting published specifications from multiple vendors always is challenging. Differences in definitions or units of measurement can make it...
(Positioning Stages, Slides and Guides)
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High-Speed Precision for 3-D Images...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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Particle tracking is a fundamental technique applicable to a range of problems, including understanding viral infections and fluid flow. Tracking particles at the micro (10-6m) or nanoscale (10-9m) is...
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
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This article helps readers determine whether a do-it-yourself (DIY) microscope is the appropriate solution for their application. It then details how to procure an instrument that meets both current...
(Positioning Stages, Slides and Guides)
From this Article:
New techniques require high precision with minuscule scanning dimensions...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
Science and industry requirements are fueling demand for smaller and higher-speed nanopositioners. Capacitance sensors, which are used in many nanopositioners, may pose problems when used with either...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
Organizations and individuals face a daunting task when they require precise motion and/or positioning at the nanometer and sub-nanometer scales. Few players exist in this space and, often, there is...
(Microscopy)
From this Article:
Super-resolution (SR) microscopy is a broad category of recently developed methods in fluorescence-based light microscopy that have cleverly side-stepped the resolution limit imposed by diffraction on...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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Read about the comparison of PicoQ® sensor technology to capacitive sensors....
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
Read about the comparison of PicoQ® sensor technology to capacitive sensors operating in UHV...
(Piezoelectric Devices)
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Read more about the impressive accuracy and linearity achieved by Mad City Labs nanopositioning systems, verified by NIST-traceable interferometer....
(Piezoelectric Devices)
From this Article:
Read more about measuring inherent position noise of nanopositioning systems with PicoQ® sensor technology....
(Inspection Tools and Instruments)
From this Article:
Astronomers around the world were overjoyed in September 2015 when they got word that the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) had picked up a sound from the distant universe....