From Introduction to Health and Safety at Work: The Handbook for the NEBOSH National General Certificate, Second Edition

1.1 Introduction

Occupational health and safety is relevant to all branches of industry, business and commerce and includes traditional industries, information technology companies, the National Health Service, care homes, schools, universities, leisure facilities and offices.

The purpose of this unit is to introduce the foundations on which appropriate health and safety systems may be built. Occupational health and safety affects all aspects of work and may simply require a trained competent manager in a low hazard organization. In a high hazard manufacturing plant, many different specialists, such as engineers (electrical, mechanical and civil), lawyers, medical doctors and nurses, trainers, work planners and supervisors, may be required to assist the professional health and safety practitioner in ensuring that there are satisfactory health and safety standards within the organization.

There are many obstacles to the achievement of good standards. The pressure of production or performance targets, financial constraints and the complexity of the organization are typical examples of such obstacles. However, there are some powerful incentives for organizations to strive for high health and safety standards. These incentives are moral, legal and economic.

Corporate responsibility, a term used extensively in the 21st Century world of work, covers a wide range of issues. It includes the effects that an organization's business has on the environment, human rights and third world poverty. Health and safety in the workplace is an important Corporate responsibility issue.

Corporate responsibility has various definitions. However, broadly speaking it covers the ways in which organizations manage their core business to...

Products & Services
Safety and Health Services
Safety and health services perform testing, consulting and analytical activities related to worker protection, industrial hygiene, process accidents, facility dangers, occupational hazards, and consumer product safety.
Commercial Uniforms and Industrial Clothing
Commercial uniforms and industrial clothing are designed for commercial, industrial, law enforcement, military or other specialized applications.
Regulatory and Safety Communications Services
Regulatory communications and safety communications services firms aid companies in authoring, writing and editing environmental, health and safety (EH&S), good pharmaceutical proactive (GxP) documents, and signs and labeling required by federal, state or local regulations.
Business Consulting Services
Business consulting services include high-level business endeavors such as strategic planning, market positioning consulting, business plan development, enterprise architecture, and information infrastructure planning and development.
Legal Services
Legal services consist of lawyers, law firms, and providers of services related to intellectual property (e.g., patenting, licensing, and trademarking), incorporation, contract development, law suits, and other legal matters.

Topics of Interest

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The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 Many governments have passed laws aimed at improving safety at work but the most important recent legislation has been the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.

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