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Help with Textile Manufacturing Services specifications:

   Your choices are...         
   Bonding / Welding       Fibers bonded by mechanical, thermal, or other means. 
   Braiding / Plaiting       Braiding involves intertwining strands of fibers to create a textile product that is usually long and narrow, such as rope. 
   Carding       Carding mechanically organizes jumbled clumps of fibers, bringing individual fibers into parallel alignment. 
   Cutting / Trimming       Trimming, cutting, and tailoring processes alter fabric size to a desired set of dimensions. 
   Coating / Surface Treatment       Textile coatings, laminates, and surface treatments improve the functional properties of fabric, imparting desired properties such as resistance to flame, water, chemicals, wear, etc. 
   Crocheting       Crocheting involves stitching one loop of yarn through another loop to form a fabric. 
   Dyeing       Textile dyeing applies color to fabric, usually immersing the fabric in the dye to provide full coverage of the material. 
   Embroidering       Embroidering involves stitching designs and decorations into fabric. 
   Knitting       Knitting interlaces loops of yarn to form a fabric. Knitting usually involves queuing more than one loop of yarn as opposed to crocheting, in which only one stitch is worked at a time. 
   Knotting       Knotting involves forming a thread into knots to craft a fabric.  Macramé is one type of textile fabrication method that uses knotting, especially square knots, to create cloth. 
   Quilting       Quilting involves sewing layers of fabric together to form a thicker padded material. 
   Needlepunching       Needlepunched nonwovens are formed by the mechanical motion of one or more needles punching through a web of fibers, causing the fibers to become interlocked. 
   Pressing / Felting       Pressing or felting involves compressing and working together a mat of fibers, often lubricated by soapy water, causing tangling among the fibers and effectively creating "tacking" stitches that hold the completed form of the fabric together. 
   Printing       Printing is a procedure in which designs and patterns are applied to textiles. 
   Sewing / Stitching       Sewing is the act of joining fabric together using stitches of yarn or thread. 
   Spinning       Spinning produces yarn or thread from raw fibers, by twisting the fibers together. 
   Weaving       Woven fabrics have interlaced threads running lengthwise (the warp) crossing threads running from side to side (the weft). 
   Other       Other specialized, unlisted or proprietary capability not listed. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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   Material Type       
   Your choices are...         
   Synthetic / Polymer       Synthetic products contain petroleum-based polymers and fibers. 
   Acetate / Triacetate       Triacetate fibers contain a higher ratio of acetate-to-cellulose than acetate fibers. Triacetate fibers are shrink resistant and wrinkle resistant, and provide good pleat retention and a crisp finish. Applications include cigarette filters and women's wear. 
   Acrylic / Modacrylic       Acrylic and modacrylic fibers are unique among synthetic fibers because they have an uneven surface. They provide outstanding wicking and quick-drying characteristics, and are chemically resistant, dyeable, and resistant to sunlight. 
   Aramid       Polyimide (polyphthalamide) fibers such as DuPont’s Kevlar® are among the most thermally-stable organic materials. They are lighter and tougher than steel. Applications include protective garments, racing sails, sporting goods, etc. 
   Elastomeric (Elastoester / Spandex)       Elastomers and rubber materials are characterized by their high degree of flexibility and elasticity (high reversible elongation).  They are based on a variety of systems, including silicone, polyurethane, chloroprene, butyl, polybutadiene, neoprene, natural rubber or isoprene, and other synthetic compounds. 
   Fluoropolymer       Polymers based on fluoropolymer chemical systems such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) are used in applications requiring superior chemical resistance, thermal stability and low friction. Teflon®, a registered trademark of DuPont, is a common proprietary version of PTFE. 
   Nylon / Polyamide       Polyamides, including nylon materials, are available in a large number of polymer structures with varying chemical and physical properties. In general, polyamides are exceptionally strong, elastic, abrasion resistant, lustrous, and resistant to damage from many chemicals. Polyamides are also resilient and low in moisture absorbency. 
   Olefin / Polyolefin       Polyolefin is a broad category which encompasses several specific, linear polymer types, including polyethylene and polypropylene. Polyolefin fibers have a specific gravity below 1.0, a relatively low melting point, and are hydrophobic. 
   PBI / PBO       Polybenzimidazole (PBI) is a synthetic fiber with no melting point and that does not ignite. It is used in high performance protective apparel. Poly-p-phenylenebenzobisoxazole (PBO) has similar characteristics. 
   Polyester       Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) polymers have a high strength-to-weight ratio and are the most widely-sold manufactured fiber. They are used in all types of clothing and home furnishings, and as a reinforcing fiber in tires, belts and hoses. 
   Polyethylene / HDPE       Olefin fibers that are based on low density polyethylene (LDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE) and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMW PE) have good friction and mechanical properties, but relatively low thermal stability. They are used to reinforce hoses and power belts, and in athletic and automotive equipment. A high-strength, high-density olefin fiber has been developed that is ten times stronger than steel. 
   Polypropylene       Polypropylene fibers are characterized by their resistance to moisture and chemicals. They can be modified with additives, variations in the polymer, and the use of different process conditions. Most polypropylene fibers are abrasion resistant, colorfast, quick drying, low static, chemically resistant, thermally bondable, stain and soil resistant, and UV resistant. 
   PPS / Sulfar       Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) is a specialty fiber characterized by remarkable resistance to thermal and chemical attack, as well as outstanding resistance to heat, solvents, acids and alkalis, mildew, aging, UV light, and abrasion. 
   Rayon / Lyocell       Rayon and its newer relative, Lyocell, feature fibers that are soft, strong, and absorbent. Rayon and Lyocell can be fibrillated to produce special textures that provide excellent wet strength and good drapability. Both materials are biodegradable. 
   Styrenic / SAN       Styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) fibers offer better general chemical resistance than polystyrene and are cheaper than acrylic fibers. SAN-based fibers afford a good combination of rigidity, strength, toughness and transparency; however, SAN is less transparent than acrylic and has inferior UV resistance compared to acrylic. 
   PVC / Vinyl (Vinyon / Vinal)       Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or vinyl-based fibers soften at low temperatures, but are highly resistant to chemicals. They are most commonly used in industrial applications as a bonding agent for non-woven fabrics and products. 
   Natural (Cotton, Wool, etc.)       Natural fibers are made from any of various shrubby plants of the genus gossypium. They are used to make textiles and other products. 
   Cotton       Cotton fibers are soft, natural fibers that grow around the seeds of the cotton plant. 
   Jute       Jute is a natural fiber made from the Asian plants Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius. It is used for sacking and cordage. 
   Hemp       Hemp is a natural fiber made from the plant Cannabis sativa. It is used in cordage, clothing, food products, and composites. 
   Leather / Hide       Materials are raw or dressed animal skins. Typically, large and heavy skins are used.  
   Linen / Flax       Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. 
   Silk       Silk is a fine, lustrous fiber produced by certain types of insect larvae to form cocoons. The strong, elastic, fibrous secretions of silkworms are used to make fabric and thread. 
   Wool       Wool is the the dense, soft, often curly hair which forms the coat of sheep and certain other mammals, such as the goat and alpaca. Wool consists of cylindrical fibers of keratin covered by minute, overlapping scales. Wool is valued as a textile fiber. 
   Mineral / Glass Wool       Mineral wool includes slag wool (slag from a metallurgical furnace), rock wool (mineral-derived), or glass wool (sand- or glass-derived), depending upon the raw material from which it is produced. Mineral wool is manufactured by blowing air or steam, or spinning filaments from a molten mass of raw material through a molten blast furnace slag (slag wool), molten rock (rock wool), or molten sand or glass (glass wool). The resultant fibers are then collected as a tangled mat of fibrous product. Mineral wool is often derived from a calcium silicate mineral. 
   Glass / Fiberglass       Glass wool is manufactured by the process of blowing air/steam or spinning filaments from a molten mass of sand or glass (glass wool). The resultant fibers are subsequently collected as an entangled matt of fibrous product which exhibit excellent thermal stability and chemical resistance.  Products afford superior thermal, electrical and acoustical insulation properties. 
   E-glass       E-glass is the most inexpensive glass fiber and is used when strength and high electrical resistivity are required. S-glass is approximately 30% higher in strength than E-glass and has better properties at elevated temperatures. E-glass has high fiber strength relative to carbon and aramid (~500 Ksi), and relatively low fiber modulus (~10.5 Msi).  
   S-glass       S-glass® is approximately 30% higher in strength, significantly more expensive, and has better properties at elevated temperatures than E-glass. The "S" designation, a registered trademark of Owens Corning, stands for strength. Other, similar products are designated as Te-glass or R-glass. 
   Rock Wool       Rock wool is manufactured by blowing air or steam, or by spinning filaments from a molten mass of raw material through molten rock. The resultant fibers are then collected as an entangled mat of fibrous product. Rock wool is often fibrous and derived from a calcium silicate mineral. 
   Slag Wool       Slag wool is manufactured by the blowing air or steam, or by spinning filaments from a molten mass of raw material through a molten blast-furnace slag. The resultant fibers are then collected as an entangled mat of fibrous product. 
   Ceramic       Ceramic textiles, ceramic fibers or fibrous refractory thermal insulation products consist of ceramic fibers in bulk, fiberboard, paper or rope forms. Some fibrous ceramic products have an organic binder that burns off in the furnace during end-use application. Other products may include a ceramic or high- temperature binder that forms or remains after exposure to high temperatures. Loose or bulk fibrous and other fibrous insulation products may not have any binders.  Ceramics are hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant materials made by shaping and then firing a nonmetallic mineral, such as clay, at high temperature. Ceramics usually fracture before plastic deformation occurs. Consequently, failure is usually catastrophic compared to that of metals; however, ceramics have very high compressive strength. 
   Alumina       Alumina (aluminum oxide) is a white, ceramic material with high hardness. Fully-dense alumina can be translucent. Alumina is used widely because of its versatility and relatively low cost. Alumina's main drawback is its relatively poor thermal shock resistance because of its higher coefficients of thermal expansion and lower thermal conductivity when compared to other, pure ceramic materials such as silicon carbide (SiC). 
   Boron       Boron fibers are often available in monofilament form. They are used to provide structural reinforcement in composites. 
   Carbon / Graphite       Carbon is a non-metallic element with an extremely high sublimation temperature and a wide variety of crystalline structure forms. Carbon is available as amorphous / vitreous carbon, pyrolytic graphite, hexagonal graphite, diamond or diamond-like carbon. To prevent oxidation at elevated temperatures, carbon without a protective coating is used in reducing or vacuum atmospheres. 
   Silica / Quartz       Fused silica is a compound of silicon and oxygen. Quartz and high-purity amorphous-fused silica afford very low expansion, remarkable thermal shock resistance, low thermal conductivity, excellent electrical insulation up to 1000° C, and excellent resistance to corrosion from molten metal. 
   Silicon Carbide       Silicon carbide (SiC) is a ceramic material with high hardness. It is usually harder than alumina and, depending on the addition of impurities, is green or black in color. Silicon carbide is used to form a protective layer that prevents further oxidation at very high temperatures in non-reducing atmospheres. Silicon carbide has a relatively high thermal shock resistance compared to other ceramic materials. This is due to its low coefficient of thermal expansion and high thermal conductivity.   
   Zirconia       Zirconia (zirconium oxide) is an extremely refractory compound. It often contains additions of calcia, magnesia or yttria for the formation and stabilization of a cubic structure that minimizes cracking and mechanical weakening during heating and cooling. Zirconia is used in wear applications that require improved fracture-toughness and greater stiffness than alumina can provide. Zirconia ceramics possess excellent chemical inertness and corrosion resistance at temperatures well above the melting point of alumina. Because it is more expensive, however, zirconia is used mainly in applications that are not suitable for alumina. Zirconia has low thermal conductivity and is an electrical conductor above 800° C. 
   Metallic       Metal fibers have a shiny surface, high density, ductility, high melting point, high hardness, and high thermal and electrical conductivity. 
   Specialty / Other       Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary materials. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Blended Fiber Structure       Yarn, cloth or textile product manufactured from a mixture of two or more different type of fibers. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
   Copolymer / Bicomponent       Combination of two or more polymers at the fiber level through a co-polymerization process or co-spinning of two different polymer melts. 
   Search Logic:      "Required" and "Must Not Have" criteria limit returned matches as specified. Products with optional attributes will be returned for either choice.
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   Your choices are...         
   Low Volume Production         
   High Volume Production         
   Test / Inspect         
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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   Your choices are...         
   Aerospace       Aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, rockets and other aerospace structures are subjected to high loads and demanding environmental conditions. 
   Apparel / Clothing       Products are suitable for clothing, especially outer garments that protect individuals from extreme thermal, chemical or other damaging conditions. Textiles for protective clothing have additional, specialized properties to protect individuals from heat, chemicals, ballistics, etc. 
   Architectural / Construction       Fibers and textiles are used in construction and architectural applications as insulation, structural panels, etc. 
   Automotive / Transportation       Textile and fabric products are designed or suitable for automotive or transportation applications such as insulation from heat and noise, molded components, fuel and air filtration, etc. 
   Battery / Fuel Cell       There are many types of batteries and fuel cells, but all are based upon electrochemical principles. Textiles and fabrics are used to separate electrodes, or as electrode components. 
   Chemical Process       Fabrics and textiles are suitable for chemical processing applications due to their high temperature and/or corrosion resistance. 
   Cleaning Wipes / Wicking       There are many textiles and fabrics suitable for use as cleaning materials and wipes.  High absorbency is a significant property and many types are non-linting. These products provide a sponge-like action and the ability to wick up or absorb water, ink or other liquids. The wicking and reservoir characteristics are used in dispensing, coating and printing applications. These materials need to be hydrophilic if water or a water based liquid is to be absorbed. 
   Electrical / Electronics       Fibrous ceramics or refractories are used to fabricate electrical parts such as insulators, igniters or heating elements. 
   EMI / RFI Shielding       Polymers or other materials are designed to provide shielding from electromagnetic interference (EMI) or radio frequency interference (RFI). These materials may contain ferromagnetic or conductive filler. 
   Filtration       Porous materials are suitable for separating particulate matter from a fluid or gas stream. Products must be resistant to the fluid, gas or other media passing through the filter. The pore size determines the size of the particles that can be eliminated, as well as the flow rate through the filter. 
   Fire Proofing / Thermal Protection       Fabrics and textiles are designed to protect against fire by providing a heat barrier or non-combustible, refractory layer. Products are used to protect materials and people from high temperatures and debris resulting from welding processes. 
   Geotextile       These ground stabilization fabrics have high tensile strength at low elongations. They reduce maintenance costs and improve the performance of paved and unpaved surfaces. Ground stabilization fabrics minimize rutting and prevent intermixing of the aggregate with the soft soils below. 
   Home Furnishings / Carpeting       Products are designed for consumer, mattress, and seating or furniture applications. 
   HVAC       Materials are designed for the construction or insulation of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) components. 
   Industrial OEM       Products are designed or suitable for integration with components or products from original equipment manufacturers (OEM). 
   Marine       Fabrics and textiles are used to construct composite ship hulls, structures and sails. They are also used as insulation, panels, air filtration devices and other components on commercial vessels. 
   Medical       Products are suitable for medical or healthcare applications such as wound care, surgical support, filtration, defoaming, patient positioning and cushioning support.  
   Packaging / Material Handling       Products are designed or suitable for packaging applications such as insulating, cushioning or protecting products. 
   Papermaking / Machine Clothing       Certain high strength, chemically resistant and durable fabrics are produced expressly for use in the manufacture of paper. 
   Printing / Graphic Arts       Textiles and fabrics provide unique surfaces for printing and graphic arts. Many applications require a smooth surface, but interesting effects can be achieved with unique materials 
   Static / ESD Control       Products control static or electrostatic discharge (ESD) to prevent damage to sensitive electronics. Often, these products contain conductive filler that dissipates the static charge to the ground. 
   Other       Other unlisted, proprietary or specialty applications. 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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   North America       Companies are located in the United States, Canada or Mexico. 
   United States Only       Companies are located in the United States. 
   Northeast US Only       Companies are located in the Northeast United States, namely Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Vermont. 
   Southern US Only       Companies are located in the Southern United States, namely Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington D.C., and West Virginia. 
   Southwest US Only       Companies are located in the Southwest United States, namely Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah. 
   Northwest US Only       Companies are located in the Northwest United States, namely Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington and Wyoming. 
   Midwest US Only       Companies are located in the Midwest United States, namely Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin. 
   Canada Only       Companies are located in Canada. 
   South / Central America Only       Companies have facilities in South American countries such as Argentina, Brazil, or Chile; or in Central American countries such as Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, etc. 
   Europe Only       Companies are located in Europe, namely Germany, Ireland, Italy, United Kingdom, etc. 
   South Asia Only       Companies are located in South Asia, namely India, Pakistan, Nepal, etc. 
   Near East Only       Companies are located in the Near East, namely Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, etc. 
   East Asia / Pacific Only       Companies are located in East Asia, namely China, Japan, Taiwan, etc. 
   Oceania Only       Companies are located in Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and a large group of South Pacific islands that include Micronesia, Polynesia, Guam, Fiji, Tonga, etc.  
   Africa Only       Companies are located in sub-Saharan Africa. 
   Other       Other unlisted country or region. 
   Search Logic:      Products with the selected attribute will be returned as matches. Leaving or selecting "No Preference" will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
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