Technical Articles

CANNON Instrument Company has published these technical articles:

(Sample Preparation and Liquid Handling)
From this Article:
While D7042 manufacturers claim "precision equivalent to D445" with faster run times, it is important to understand the details behind these claims to make an informed decision when considering the...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
One of the more important but least utilized aspects of rheology is normal force. It is well known that when a simple liquid such as water is stirred, inertia causes the sample to be displaced away...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
The air-bearing seal is effectively frictionless and permits dynamic oscillatory testing throughout the frequency range of the instrument....
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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Rheometry is a powerful and straightforward measuring technique that until recently has not seen widespread acceptance, particularly in industries handling materials that change their integrity over a...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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Rheological characterization continues to gain importance in the development of novel materials across a wide variety of industries. Historically, rheological characterization required a significant...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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An analysis was conducted to compare the operational characteristics of two different bench- top semi-automated viscometers - the Cannon SImpleVIS and the Spectro Q3000.  This analysis looked at three...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
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Certain modified Ostwald-type viscometers for transparent liquids (like the Cannon-Fenske Routine and the Cannon-Manning Semi-Micro) and reverse-flow viscometers for opaque and transparent liquids...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
Rheology is defined as the study of the flow and deformation of fluids. Based on the need to quickly and accurately set and control processing conditions, optimize product performance, and/or ensure...
(Product and Material Testing)
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The only reliable method for determining if the lubricant is correct... is to compare the lubricant viscosity against its original viscosity specification....
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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Clean viscometers are essential for precise and accurate measurements. Because CANNON receives a significant number of requests for advice concerning proper cleaning methods, we offer the following...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
Rheological phenomenon is found in every coatings operation. Coatings, being complex structured fluids, need to be characterized by their structure and flow properties in order to be applied...
(Pressure Regulators)
From this Article:
Simultaneous measurement of ASTM D5191 vapor pressure and ASTM D4052 density with highest accuracy and precision...
(Product and Material Testing)
From this Article:
Labs are sometimes under the mistaken impression that modern, automated viscometers that use shorter capillary tubes are out of compliance with ASTM D445/ASTM D446....
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
A method has been developed for following the dynamic mechanical properties of a UV-curable coating while the sample is curing. The resulting data and plots can be used to measure the material's cure...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Asphalt binders' behavior depends on temperature and time of loading. Unlike steel, which is considered a completely elastic material that can store energy indefinitely, asphalt binders cannot sustain...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
Hydrated gluten, soy concentrate, and mixtures of both were heated at 90 8C for 0.5 to 6 h. All heated samples were analyzed for viscoelastic properties and SDS-PAGE electrophoretograms. Results of...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Rheological properties of systems that undergo a curing process present a challenging and intriguing problem to measure accurately. Zhang et al.1 explain that this is due to several factors, including...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Dynamic oscillation is one of the most popular means to determine the viscoelastic response of materials. One of the features of the Stresstech HR is its ability to make measurements across a wide...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
Whey protein polymers (WP-polymers) were prepared by heating whey protein isolate below the critical concentration for gelation at neutral pH and low salt conditions. The effects of WP-polymers and...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Many times experiments at high shear rates are required to characterize materials that undergo processing such as spraying, milling, coating and lubrication. The ability of a research rheometer to...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Polymeric materials in general are viscoelastic in nature because they exhibit strong depend- ence of deformation and flow on time and temperature. Molecular structures in polymeric materials undergo...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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The design, development and manufacture of medical devices differs significantly from many other consumer and industrial products because of both compliance and regulatory requirements. That's why...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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In this application the effect of degradation on the quality of a polypropylene sample will be shown. The rheological properties of polypropylene which is used e.g. for die casting of injection...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Rheology is defined as the science of flow and deformation of matter. Rheological instrumentation and measurements have become essential tools in the analytical laboratories of companies for...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
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Rheological behavior is directly associated with performance qualities such as comfort in the case of contact lenses, cure time in the case of fiber optic coatings and inks, and ultimate mechanical...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
Superpositioning principles were applied twice to model temperature (25 to 125 8C) and concentration (0.005 to 0.040% w/w) effects on skim milk and carrageenan solutions. Samples were analyzed using a...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Traditional tests for polymers focus on the amount (mass) of material passing through a known diameter orifice in a given time frame, usually 10 min. This type of test, known as fluidity index or melt...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Because coatings are complex structured fluids, it is necessary to be able to apply a variety of tests to examine their complex behavior. In the past, a single-point test at a single shear rate was...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
To understand the formulation and performance of adhesive systems, one has to study surface chemistry, rheology and fracture mechanics with regard to the required structural design. Rheology has...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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Semisolid products are the most difficult to characterize rheologically because they combine both liquid and solid properties. Many pharmaceutical materials are semisolids such as ointments, creams,...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
The oil industry faces a retrieval process that is extremely costly and difficult. Oil exploration and retrieval efforts must overcome the complex flow issues, or rheology, of the crude oil. It is...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Rheological instrumentation and rheological measurements have become essential tools in the analytical laboratory for characterizing component materials and final products, monitoring process...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
The materials under investigation can range from low-viscosity fluids to semisolids and gels to hard, solid-like food products. A knowledge of the rheological and mechanical properties of various food...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Rheological phenomena are found in every coatings operation. Coatings, which are complex structured fluids, need to be characterized by their structures and flow properties in order to be applied...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
Three dough formulations with increasing salt content were examined using the SpecTech DSR. Strain sweeps at 25 C, 45 C, and 65 C were done in triplicate using a 25mm diameter parallel plate geometry...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
In this article, rheology is presented as a vehicle for the growth of the ink industry. The study and growth of inks dates back to 2500 B.C. Ink was invented by the Egyptians and Chinese in the first...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Rheological tests can determine how resistant lotion is to sun and friction....
(Uncategorized)
From this Article:
The viscosity of suspensions of large (=10 µm) particles diverges at high solid fractions due to proliferation of frictional particle contacts. Reducing friction, to allow or improve flowability, is...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
The behavior of polymers in extension is useful to study for many different polymer processes such as blown film extrusion and blow molding. The STRESSTECH and DYNALYSER rheometers can both be used to...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
One of the quickest means to determine the relaxation behavior of a polymer is to perform a step increase in strain and monitor the relaxation of the sample. Relaxation data relate directly to...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
FULLY AUTOMATED ASTM D2983 CONDITIONING AND TESTING ON THE CANNON® TESC SYSTEM WHITE PAPER...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
UV radiation is successfully used for many photocuring applications. Determination and optimization of UV radiation is an important aspect of UV curing as it impacts material formulation, production...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
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Pharmaceutical and cosmetic materials range in consistency from fluid to solid. Semisolid products are the most difficult materials to characterize rheologically because they combine both liquid and...
(Calibration and Testing Services)
From this Article:
This Application Note provides information relating to measurement precision in general, and the precision of kinematic viscosity measurements in particular. It provides a brief history and discussion...
(Calibration Instruments, Standards and Reference Sources)
From this Article:
Temperature control is the single most important parameter for obtaining accurate and precise kinematic viscosity measurements. This is especially true for petroleum products as their rate of...
(Product and Material Testing)
From this Article:
Viscosity testing is a tool used in the production process of just about every type of food and beverage. It is a very important test that offers repeatable and reliable results, ensuring that the...