Technical Articles

AMETEK Spectro Scientific has published these technical articles:

(Electrical and Electronic Maintenance and Repair)
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What do a hospital, a treatment plant, a police station and a remote mine have in common? They have essential assets requiring uninterruptible power, commonly powered by an engine generator as primary...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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We have all heard the saying, â Oil and water donâ t mix.â Unfortunately that doesnâ t necessarily apply to lubrication oils. Water can exist in several states in lubrication oils and can do quite a...
(Product and Material Testing)
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The days of needing a laboratory full of specialized equipment to do oil analysis are long gone. The MicoLab® all-in-one oil analyzer combines four separate analytical instruments into one...
(Spectroscopy)
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Evaluating the wear condition of equipment is a primary requirement of condition monitoring programs. Oil wetted equipment will generate wear particles throughout its lifetime, the nature and rate of...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Reliability testing is a very important component of new engine development. Engineers need to fully understand and chart the engine lifetime performance under a variety of conditions before mass...
(Product and Material Testing)
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The most widely accepted direct method for analyzing fuel dilution in lubricants is Gas Chromatography (GC) according to ASTM methods D3524, D3525, and more recently, D7593.1-3 Other conventional...
(Spectroscopy)
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Spectro Scientific is bringing great enhancements to its high performance line of RDE-OES (Rotating Disk ElectrodeOptical Emission Spectrometers) for elemental analysis. The new SpectrOil 100 Series...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Synthetic Polyol Ester fluids are the fluids of choice to lubricate aircraft gas turbine engines used in commercial and military service requiring MIL-PRF-23699F-STD level performance. It also is used...
(Nondestructive Testing Equipment)
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While it is true that all machines eventually wear out, proper maintenance and care can improve machinery health and longevity. This is particularly true with regard to the two most common types of...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Measuring soot in diesel engine oil has become more important as soot levels get higher due to exhaust gas recirculation. As soot is one of the key indicators for the condition of the oil, diesel...
(Product and Material Testing)
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This paper describes a new machine condition measurement system which combines particle count data and elemental analysis information in two closely interlinked measurement phases. This machine...
(Spectroscopy)
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Particle imaging, electromagnetic, ferrographic, and spectroscopic methods were used to evaluate hydraulic oil samples collected from machines known to be generating abnormal wear particles....
(Product and Material Testing)
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No offshore facility wants to be caught with a sheen around their platform as that can result in a costly fine for exceeding discharge permit limits for oil. Onboard oil in water analyzers are...
(Product and Material Testing)
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The most important physical property of a lubricating oil is viscosity. Viscosity determines the load carrying ability of the oil as well as how easily it circulates. The correct balance between high...
(Product and Material Testing)
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A high concentration of acidic compounds in a lubricant can lead to corrosion of machine parts and clogged oil filters due to the formation of varnish and sludge. When a lubricant breaks down, acidic...
(Spectroscopy)
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Wear debris analysis is an important part of any oil analysis program. The Spectroil RDE spectrometer measures trace quantities of elements dissolved or suspended as fine particles in lubricants using...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Compressor oils can create unique challenges when trying to measure viscosity. Dissolved gases from refrigerants, in particular, tend to bubble out when these oils are measured using traditional...
(Sample Preparation and Liquid Handling)
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Certain types of samples, such as those containing detergent, may form emulsions when doing an oil in water extraction into a solvent. The boundary between the solvent and the sample will have an...
(Engineering and Scientific Software)
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Extensive work on dynamic equilibrium models of wear particles was undertaken during the early 1980's to better help oil analysis professionals identify abnormal wear modes when performing analytical...
(Nondestructive Testing Equipment)
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The measurement and trending of abnormal ferrous wear debris in machinery lubrication oils is arguably the most significant indicator of machinery health and a key predictor of catastrophic machinery...
(Oil, Gas and Mining Equipment)
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Ferrous wear is one of the most important parameters to monitor as part of a based maintenance program. The main goal of such a program is to identify the transition from normal wear to abnormal wear...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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As the global commitment to renewable energy sources grows, the importance of using biodiesel as a blending component with diesel fuel has increased. Biodiesel consists of fatty acid methyl esters...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Fuel dilution in oil can cause serious engine damage. High levels of fuel (>2%) in a lubricant can result in decreased viscosity, oil degradation, loss of dispersancy, and loss of oxidation stability....
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Liquid cooled engines and rotating equipment use glycol based coolants because of their excellent heat transfer abilities. However, glycol based coolants are not desirable at all in lubrication oil...
(Product and Material Testing)
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An in-service lubricant encounters air, heat, pressure, corrosive agents, and other factors that cause chemical changes in the oil. A change in oil chemistry can affect the ability of the lubricant to...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
From this Article:
The most important physical property of a lubricating oil is viscosity. Viscosity determines the load carrying ability of the oil as well as how easily it circulates. The correct balance between high...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Laser light blocking particle counters, or optical particle counters (OPC’s) are the traditional instruments used for in-service oil analysis. The working principle of traditional light...
(Oil, Gas and Mining Equipment)
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There are several methods available for both laboratory and field analysis of soot in diesel engine oil. The choice of methods depends on budget, precision, location of testing, time, and other...
(Product and Material Testing)
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A high concentration of acidic compounds in a lubricant can lead to corrosion of machine parts and clogged oil filters due to the formation of varnish and sludge. When a lubricant breaks down, acidic...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
From this Article:
We have all heard the saying, "Oil and water don't mix." Unfortunately that doesn't necessarily apply to lubrication oils. Water can exist in several states in lubrication oils and can do quite a bit...
(Sample Preparation and Liquid Handling)
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The major issue for premature failure in wind turbine gearboxes is bearing failure, which leads to gearbox failure. A wind turbine gearbox will not survive if the oil is not clean and especially if...
(Electrical and Electronic Maintenance and Repair)
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Why do some machines fail early, while others operate for many additional years?...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Why do some machines fail early, while others operate for many additional years. Generally, eight mechanisms lead to component failures in industrial machinery: abrasion, corrosion, fatigue, boundary...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Wastewater professionals who are enforcing industrial effluent standards for fats, oil and grease (FOG) either must perform numerous gravimetric tests or spend a considerable amount of money with a...
(Spectroscopy)
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The ferrography technique was developed in the 1970s to overcome the large particle detection deficiencies of spectrometric oil analysis. It is a technique used for the separation of particles from...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Kitsap Transit is a public transportation agency, based in Bremerton, Washington and serving the county of Kitsap, which operates routed bus service, foot ferry service and service for elderly and...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Kitsap Transit is a public transportation agency, based in Bremerton, Washington and serving the county of Kitsap, which operates routed bus service, foot ferry service and service for elderly and...
(Analytical Instruments)
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[O]il analysis can generate a fast return on investment for a municipality or other organization with a large fleet of vehicles and equipment. By accurately determining the condition both of the oil...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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The focus of this paper is to provide details on how the LNF operates and how its method of particle counting and optical image analysis compares to laser style particle counters and traditional...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Water in oil can manifest itself in many forms - from dissolved to emulsified, to free water with oil. How water will be present in a given oil depends on the nature of the oil formulation as well as...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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It has been over two years since the publication of the first edition of Spectro Scientific's In-Service Oil Analysis Handbook. Our original goal was to compile a comprehensive reference book of...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Portable oil analysis solutions empower ship maintainers to act fast in preventing failure....
(Product and Material Testing)
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Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring,...
(Sample Preparation and Liquid Handling)
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Sampling bottles come in many shapes and sizes. 120 ml (4 oz) HDPE (opaque) bottles have been the most common sampling bottle for many years. Many suppliers now provide clear PET, or PS bottles for...
(Oil, Gas and Mining Equipment)
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The United States Naval Ship (USNS) Watson is one of the largest, medium-speed, roll-on, roll-off ships that have significantly expanded the nation’s sealift capacity. The Watson has a...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Oil analysis is a critical predictive maintenance technology. Service or reliability professionals, whether managing a truck or locomotive fleet, a marine vessel or fixed assets in an industrial...
(Spectroscopy)
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The basis of modern oil analysis is the use of optical emission spectroscopy (OES) to measure the ppm (parts per million) levels of wear metals, contaminants and additives in oil samples. Whatever...
(Product and Material Testing)
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When implementing machine condition monitoring for machinery lubricating oils, typically the first strategy you implement is contamination control. Particle counting is the method used to monitor the...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Fuel contamination in a lubricant is one of the most important lubricant failure modes in internal combustion engines. The presence of fuel reduces the oil viscosity which decreases the load carrying...
(Oil, Gas and Mining Equipment)
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This paper describes how the Q5800 serves as a single portable solution providing cost effective, integrated lubrication analysis. As instrumentation size shrinks and becomes more portable, oil...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Due to the effects of over-capacity and reduced freight rates in the aftermath of the recent recession, ship operators have implemented "slow steaming" operations to reduce costs. Operating two-stroke...
(Nondestructive Testing Equipment)
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Understanding and trending machine wear is critical for predictive maintenance. Oil analysis is the best routine non-destructive technology (NDT) for detecting surface wear on a wide array of oil...
(Oil, Gas and Mining Equipment)
From this Article:
The basis of modern oil analysis programs is the use of optical emission spectroscopy (OES) to measure the ppm (parts per million) levels of wear metals, contaminants, and additives in oil samples....
(Oil, Gas and Mining Equipment)
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This paper describes how using the handheld, solvent-free SpectroVisc Q3000 Series device in the field provides immediate and accurate kinematic viscosity measurements, even when compared to...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Oil in water analysis is a global issue that crosses many industries, analytical methods, and regulatory agencies. Due to the negative effects of oil on the environment, there are strict limits on the...
(Electrical and Electronic Maintenance and Repair)
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The practice of in-service oil analysis or used oil analysis started over a century ago on locomotive engines. Now it is one of the most important components of condition based maintenance (CBM), a...
(Oil, Gas and Mining Equipment)
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The key benefits of on-site oil analysis are maintenance cost savings and productivity increases from increasing the uptime of running machines. Machines run longer if the right oils are used and if...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Lubricants are the life blood of oil wetted machinery. As an important element of predictive maintenance technologies, in-service oil analysis can provide trace information about machine wear...
(Nondestructive Testing Equipment)
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In-service oil analysis equipment monitors the status of lubricants for optimal performance. These instruments alert operators to potential problems before they develop. In-service oil analysis...
(Environmental and Water Quality Instruments)
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Mid-Infrared (Mid-IR) spectroscopy is widely used for lubricant formulation and evaluation because of the detailed information on chemical composition provided by this technique. In recent years, it...
(Spectroscopy)
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This paper explores IR spectroscopy as an alternative method for measuring TAN and TBN values, using a three-step process of library building, sample classification, and multivariate regression...
(Product and Material Testing)
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Synthetic Polyol Ester fluids are the fluids of choice to lubricate aircraft gas turbine engines used in commercial and military service requiring MIL-PRF-23699F-STD level performance. It also is used...
(Product and Material Testing)
From this Article:
While the amount of oil in water is highly regulated - it can also be a challenging measurement. It is complicated by the fact that oil comes in many forms and the measurement is defined by the...
(Analytical Instruments)
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A Major Municipal Laboratory's analysts regularly perform Fats, Oil and Grease (FOG) measurements on wastewater samples from various industrial plants and apartment buildings. In the past, these...
(Sensing and Measurement Instruments)
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Viscosity is the measurement of an oil's resistance to flow. Typically, we can expect viscosity to decrease with a temperature increase, and increase with a temperature decrease. Viscosity and...
(Sensing and Measurement Instruments)
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Routinely monitoring water concentration in oil is an important part of any oil condition monitoring program. Water can enter the oil as a result of environmental conditions, condensation from cooler...
(Sensing and Measurement Instruments)
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When talking about marine markets there are three major areas: merchant fleets, Marine Naval Forces, and cruise lines. It's important to note that this large industry uses on-site oil analysis at all...