Technical Articles

Zurich Instruments has published these technical articles:

(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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Since the discovery of the Hall effect in 1879 by Edwin Hall, it has been widely applied in measurements, particularly in materials characterization and sensing. Today it is being used to characterize...
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How the MFIA (and MFLI with MF-IA option), can characterize the equivalent series inductance (ESL) and equivalent series resistance (ESR) of a DC-Link capacitor typically used in power inverters for...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
From this Article:
The electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique is used to characterize the physical-chemical processes of the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) using different types of metal oxides...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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high-Q (low loss) commercially available SMD capacitors, both ceramic and polymer-film. A wide range of dielectrics are available for use in capacitors, but we focus on a selection of class I ceramic...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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A very small concentration of lattice point defects, or simply defects, such as vacancies, impurities, dislocations, grain boundaries or cavities, are responsible for creating many different...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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Many of today's approaches to build a quantum computer require the reliable generation of arbitrary microwave signals in the 4.5 to 9 GHz regime for qubit manipulation and readout. While signal...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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This application note explains how to use the Zurich Instruments MFLI, a 500 kHz/5MHz Lock-in Amplifier, to measure, stabilize and control the relative distance of two interferometer paths to...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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Applications: Impedance Products: MFIA...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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Lock-in amplifiers were invented in the 1930's and commercialized in the mid 20th century as electrical instruments capable of extracting signal amplitudes and phases in extremely noisy environments....
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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the ability of the MFIA (also MFLI with MF-IA option) to measure capacitance on a short timescale...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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how to produce square voltage pulses and capture the resulting capacitance transients on a short timescale...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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Quantum computing promises an advance in numerical processing power over classical computing by exploiting quantum physical phenomena. Present day experimental work in this field focuses on improving...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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impedance measurements of a 1 TO commercially-available resistor using the MFIA impedance Analyzer....
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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The Nyquist diagram of a transfer function is a parametric plot of its imaginary part versus real part as the frequency sweeps in a certain range...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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Time-Domain Response of Lock-in Filters...
(Electrical and Electronic Test Equipment)
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When characterizing any capacitor, three critical parameters are capacitance, leakage current and equivalent series resistance (ESR)....
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From this Article:
Parametrically modulated superconducting qubit gates (parametric gates) are usually accomplished by RF-modulation - typically several hundred MHz - of the flux through a mediating coupler element or...
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Many devices and materials exhibit an impedance which depends on both frequency and other parameters such as bias voltage. To fully characterize the impedance of these samples requires an impedance...
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Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) or other PID controllers on nano-mechanical resonators rely on clean phase signals that exhibit large slope, or significant phase shift, around the resonance frequency...
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From this Article:
How to use an MFLI lock-in amplifier with an external reference frequency....
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A short guide to displaying impedance data as Nyquist plots on the LabOne Sweeper of the MFIA....
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The choice of technology in lighting industry requires a trade-off between color rendering and luminous efficacy because the spectral sensitivity of the human eye varies with wavelength....
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In many applications where the distance between two objects need to be reduced to a predefined gap, the ability to control a stepper motor with clear stop conditions from different sensors is of high...
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From this Article:
The response of a lock-in amplifier is characterized by the parameters of its low-pass filter (LPF), i.e. time constant and filter order. The temporal response of the LPF demonstrates the latency of...
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From this Article:
For measurements of signals which are rapidly changing, for example, when measuring capacitance transients in Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (DLTS), high temporal resolution is required. In its...
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From this Article:
I/Q modulations are extensively used in a variety of applications including telecommunications, quantum computing (QC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)...
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When analyzing signals with multiple frequency components, it is important to measure the amplitude and phase of each frequency component accurately so that a change in the characteristics of one...
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From this Article:
With the merging of PLL and PID tab in LabOne for MFLI and UHFLI, the PID Advisor section is now identical for both type of feedback loops and various system models can be tested....
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From this Article:
Kramers-Kronig relations are used to verify the results of an impedance measurement experiment performed by the Zurich Instruments MFIA Impedance Analyzer or MFLI Lock-in Amplifier equipped with the...
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From this Article:
LCR Meter vs Impedance Analyzer...
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The relation between the noise of signal amplitude and phase on one hand and the noise of in-phase and quadrature components of the signal on the other hand is investigated....
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How to output sinusoidal signals on the AUX Output with the MD multi-demodulator option....
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From this Article:
how a setup can be protected from overvoltage which occurs switching off a coil....
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LabOne now supports reloading data into the LabOne Modules when using the HDF5 file format....
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From this Article:
The Benefit and Challenge of using Resonance Enhancement - Resonance enhancement technique is the fastlane toward raising signal well above the noise floor to increase signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and...
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From this Article:
Characterizing semiconductor spin qubits with radio-frequency (RF) reflectometry offers a speed advantage over low-frequency conductance measurements thanks to insensitivity to 1/f noise....
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From this Article:
Multi-channel signal generation and detection are indispensable in many applications such as multi-qubit quantum computing and multi-sensor systems....
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From this Article:
The accuracy of an impedance analyzer is a critical parameter that allows the user to know how close the measured impedance will be to the true impedance of the device or sample under test. Since the...