From The Handbook of Microturbine Generators

This chapter more closely examines permits and other considerations necessary to site a microturbine. Many issues are either undefined, not clearly defined, and/or in transition. It will take some effort to get the specific information on some of these matters, if available at all.

Environmental Permits

In the future, the biggest impact on microturbines specifically and distributed generation generally will be the environmental protection laws for all sources of generation. As the world becomes more concerned about the environment, the rules regarding emissions will become even more restrictive. In fact, emission rules for all sources of fossil fuel based generation will become more and more an influencing factor in determining the types of generation allowed.

At the time of this writing, the EPA was starting the process of publishing a new draft of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). NESHAP applies to stationary reciprocating internal combustion engines (RICE) and will affect the use of distributed generation across the nation. Air emission rules will eventually relate directly to microturbines and their costs. The rules and regulations associated with air emissions are many and complex. This chapter briefly covers how the systems work and some of the more important aspects of the laws.

Clean Air Act and its Amendments

The granddaddy of environmental permits and operations is the Clean Air Act (CAA) and its amendments (1965, 1967, 1970, 1977, and 1990). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) enforces the CAA. In 1970, President Nixon signed into law the amendment...

Products & Services
Microturbines are small fuel-burning turbines used in localized or mobile power generation and mechanical drive applications.
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Systems
Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems inject ammonia into boiler flue gas and pass it through a catalyst bed where the nitrogen oxide gas (NOx) and ammonia react to form nitrogen and water vapor.
Environmental Testing and Analysis Services
Environmental testing and analytical services provide testing of environmental samples such as soil, water, air, and industrial wastes or byproducts.
Environmental Management Software
Environmental management software is used to support regulatory compliance, air pollution control, chemical safety, and environmental management.
MSDS Software
MSDS software is used to create, manage and distribute material safety data sheets (MSDS) for chemical products.

Topics of Interest

The Need for Microturbines Microturbines have been appearing since 1996, and a variety of customer applications are emerging and growing. The products are at differing levels of maturity, which...

Mark P. Cal Department of Environmental Engineering New Mexico Tech Socorro, New Mexico 3.1 SOURCES OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS EMITTED INTO THE ATMOSPHERE Hazardous or toxic air pollutants are those...

C: C Clean Air C A programming language designed for the UNIX operating system as a successor of a language named B, and known for its compactness, memory conservation, and power. C allows bit...

Introduction This chapter gives an overview of microturbine technology. It begins with a discussion of how the technology is unique relative to other distributed generation (DG) as well as to central...

Our current national air pollution control program is based on the 1970 version of The Clean Air Act law that was passed in 1963. The main purpose of the act is to protect and enhance the quality of...