From Building Broadband Networks

11.6 NGI Telemedicine Projects

11.6.1 National Library of Medicine (NIH)/National Institutes of Health (NIH)

The National Library of Medicine (NIH)/National Institutes of Health (NIH) sponsor innovative NGI testbed trials, pilot tests, and full-scale implementations in telemedicine and telehealthcare through the United States. These demonstration projects illustrate the role of the NGI in supporting medical education, healthcare, and medical research. As an example, NLM/NIH NGI projects facilitate transmission of bandwidth-intensive high-resolution images such as x-rays and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scans between isolated healthcare facilities and major healthcare centers where on-staff radiologists can determine the course of radiotherapy treatment. These trials also enable real-time teleconsultations between on-call physicians and medical experts in treating life-threatening injuries to trauma patients and clarify approaches for enabling the secure transmission of confidential and sensitive electronic patient data.

Moreover, NLM/NIH NGI projects evaluate benefits associated with providing telehealthcare services to patients in route to trauma centers, delivering tele-educational programs to families of high-risk newborns with very low birth weights, and using telemedicine networks to reduce isolation of rural primary care physicians. Methods for provisioning remote healthcare services to elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease over the NGI are evaluated. Approaches for using new medical imaging devices for improved detection of cancerous lesions via the NGI are investigated. The merits of using medical image reference libraries and TIE (Telemedicine Information Exchange), an online telemedicine repository, for provisioning access to digital images, data, and video representing normal and pathological medical conditions via the NGI are evaluated. Capabilities of the...

Products & Services
Biological Materials
Biological materials are biocompatible materials, natural or man-made, that comprise a whole or a part of a living structure or biomedical device that performs, augments, or replaces a natural function
Pharmaceutical and Medical Gases
Pharmaceutical and medical gases are pure fluids which are used to synthesize, sterilize, or insulate processes or products which contribute to human health. They are also administered to patients as therapy.
Medical Software
Medical and healthcare software is used in hospitals, clinics, and related facilities. This category includes software used to control and monitor medical devices, and software used for medical practice management and patient billing.
Medical Services
Medical services perform clinical laboratory tests, lease medical equipment to doctors and hospitals, and repair medical machines and equipment.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) Machines
MRI machines use a radiological technique employing magnetism, radio waves, and a computer to produce images of body structures.

Topics of Interest

11.7 University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development (UCAID) I2 (Internet2) NGI Programs and Initiatives Sponsored by UCAID (University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development), I2 is...

11.2 Purpose In this chapter, broadband network testbeds, trials, and projects that promote the development of next-generation telecommunications applications and services are explored.

11.3 Next-Generation Internet (NGI) 11.3.1 Next-Generation Internet (NGI) Overview A multi-agency federal research and development program, the NGI (Next-Generation Internet) initiative promotes...

Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry At a time when companies are looking for any help they can get to cut expenses, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is making an offer few can--or at least...

Medical Fourteen and one-half percent (14.5%) of our GNP is spent on health care. In spite of this, many of our citizens (especially in rural areas) do not have easy access to quality medical care.