From Seals and Sealing Handbook, Fifth Edition

3.9 References

  1. D.E. Johnston, Design aspects of modern rotary shaft seals , Proc. I.Mech.E., Vol. 213, Part J, 1999.

  2. E.T. Jagger, Rotary shaft seals: the sealing mechanism of synthetic rubber lip seals running at atmospheric pressure , Proc. I. Mech. E., Vol. 171, 1957.

  3. R.F. Salant, Theory of lubrication of elastomeric rotary shaft seals , Proc. I. Mech. E., Vol. 213, Part J, 1999.

  4. R.F. Salant, Private communication, July 2005.

  5. T. Kunstfeld and W. Haas, Shaft surface manufacturing methods for rotary shaft lip seals , Sealing Technology, July 2005.

  6. L.A. Horve, A macroscopic view of the sealing phenomenon for radial lip oil seals , 11th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, BHR Group, 1987.

  7. Anon, Simrit, catalogue, 2005.

  8. L.A. Horve, The correlation of rotary shaft radial lip seal service reliability and pumping ability to wear track roughness and microasperity formation , SAE910530, February 1991.

  9. P. Embury and J. Armour, Influence of elastomer compound design on the performance of rotary shaft lip seals , Sealing Technology, August 2004.

  10. B. Duhring and G. Iverson, The application of plastics in dynamic seals , Proc. I. Mech. E, Vol. 213, Part J, 1999.

  11. R.F. Salant, Grease lubrication, bearing seals , Seal Technology; Principles & Application, Georgia Institute of Technology Short Course, 2004.

  12. G. Medri, A. Strozzi, J. Bras and A. Gabelli, Mechanical behaviour of two elastomeric seals for bearing units , 10th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, BHR Group, 1984.

  13. A. Gabelli, Analytical modeling of load deflection characteristics of elastomeric lip seals , 11th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, BHR Group, 1987.

  14. Kim and Jun, Contact...

Products & Services
Dynamic Seals
Dynamic seals include oil seals, hydraulic and pneumatic seals, exclusion seals, labyrinth seals, bearing isolators, and piston rings. They create a barrier between moving and stationary surfaces in applications such as rotating shafts and pistons rings.  This is a general search form; more detailed search forms are available.
Hydraulic Seals and Pneumatic Seals
Hydraulic seals and pneumatic seals include piston seals, rod seals, U-cups, vee, cup, and flange packings.
Oil Seals and Grease Seals
Oil seals and grease seals have a flexible lip that rubs against a shaft or housing to prevent the leakage or ingress of fluids and dirt.
Exclusion Seals
Exclusion seals are comprised of wipers, scrapers and V-ring seals.
Mechanical Seals
Mechanical seals including mechanical face seals, bellows, gas seals, and cartridge seals.

Topics of Interest

4.1 Introduction Reciprocating seals cover an extremely wide range of applications. Internal combustion engines have piston rings to seal between combustion gas and crankcase oil while diesel engines...

3.2 Lip Seals The lip seals currently used for sealing rotary shafts have evolved from the lip seals made from leather used during the 1930s. The development was largely empirical for some 50 years...

In most lip seals, increasing fluid pressure increases lip-contact pressure. In a properly designed and installed seal, the lip rides on a thin film of lubricant. Because the film does the sealing,...

Apart from the elastomeric lip material and interface between the sealing lip and application shaft, a critical design feature of the seal lip is its geometry. Lip geometry is one of several factors...

12.10 References [1] 'Hidden killers, 1998. The global landmine crisis'. Report 10575, US Department of State, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs by the Office of Humanitarian Demining Programs (...