TT-NIRI™ Near-Infrared Test Module

Featured Product from Radiant Vision Systems

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Application-specific software module for evaluating near-infrared lasers and LEDs

Near-infrared (near-IR or NIR) emissions of light are used by devices to sense three-dimensional objects while eliminating visible light interference and human visual distraction. However, because NIR emissions are invisible, test equipment must be used to ensure adequate intensity and distribution of NIR light for object detection, as well as safe levels of radiant intensity for human exposure.

Part of the Radiant Vision Systems TrueTest™ Software family, the TT-NIRI module provides the benefits of TrueTest Software to efficiently perform image-based measurements, but with application-specific tests to evaluate the accuracy of 850 or 940 nm NIR LEDs, lasers, and structured light patterns used for:

  • Facial and gesture recognition
  • Eye tracking and iris detection
  • Automotive LiDAR for autonomous vehicle sensing
  • Multimodal sensing for gesture and motion control
  • Other non-visible 3D sensing applications

A comprehensive NIR test solution from Radiant combines the TT-NIRI application-specific software module with the Radiant NIR Intensity Lens solution to perform rapid, automated visual inspection of NIR emitters. Utilizing the Fourier optics of the NIR Intensity Lens solution, TT-NIRI evaluates all angular emissions of a source in a single image, as well as all dots in a structured light pattern created by diffractive optical elements (or DOE).

A Radiant NIR test solution captures and processes data much faster and more consistently than a goniometric or spot measurement device. DOE dot source analytics captured by the NIR Intensity Lens and TT-NIRI software offer comprehensive radiometric data, which cannot be acquired using alternative methods such as casting a dot pattern against a wall or other Lambertian surface.

Comprehensive NIR Test Suite

Evaluating the accuracy of NIR emissions relies on radiometric measurements to determine the scope and intensity of NIR-emitting sources, as well as the angular position of precise emission points (dots) against defined tolerances. TT-NIRI provides a comprehensive NIR test suite that allows users to define measurement parameters and pass/fail criteria for specific points of interest in an image. The software module includes specific tests for NIR light source measurement including:

  • Total Flux (mW or W)
  • POI Total Power
  • Max Power
  • Pixel Solid Angle
  • Inclination Solid Angle
  • Dot Source Analysis
  • Flood Source Analysis
  • Points of Interest
  • Image Export

Angular Distribution of a Source

The NIR Intensity Lens captures the complete angular distribution of an NIR light source (to ±70 degrees) in a single image, and achieves an angular resolution of up to approximately 0.05 degrees per image sensor pixel. Paired with the ProMetric® Y16 Imaging Radiometer featuring a 16-megapixel image sensor, the NIR Intensity Lens has the capability to measure radiant intensity, power, and radiant flux with a high degree of accuracy at each view angle. This ensures both accurate distribution and intensity of NIR emissions for object sensing, and safe levels of NIR output for use in human-machine interface applications such as eye and facial sensing.

Diffuse "Flood" Source Analysis

Some NIR applications rely on a strong flash of NIR light (sometimes referred to as “flood” distribution) for proximity sensing using a time-of-flight (ToF) measurement. For example, in facial recognition, flood emitters can be used to detect the presence of a face and determine focus distance, even in darkness. The “Flood Source Analysis” test in TT-NIRI software measures the flood function of these light sources to ensure they adhere to safety and performance parameters, and to identify any irregularities such as hot spots or intensity fall-off.

Analyze flood distributions from diffuse NIR light sources to evaluate uniformity across angular emissions (in terms of intensity at each degree), center values, angular fall-off, hot-spots, including:

  • Full width half max (or full width 90% max, etc.)
  • Average radiant intensity across the cross section
  • Max radiant intensity across the cross section
  • Slope widths (how long it takes the sample to “fall off” in degrees)
  • Edge slopes (mW/sr) per degree (metric for how quickly or slowly the sample “falls off” on the edges)
  • Center of the sample (degrees)

Structured Light Dot Pattern Analysis

TT-NIRI includes a “Dot Source Analysis” test to output uniformity, max intensity, and flux statistics for each dot in a structured light pattern that is emitted by a NIR laser through a DOE. This test can analyze individual dots or regions of dots to ensure the patterns are projected in the correct angle (inclination, azimuth) and with the correct intensity (W/sr).

Each dot in the pattern can be evaluated for accurate position and intensity, with data output including:

  • Location in pixels (x,y)
  • Location in inclination/azimuth (degrees)
  • Intensity (W/sr)
  • Peak Average Intensity (mW/sr)
  • Peak Solid Angle (sr)
  • Pixels at Maximum Peak
  • Spot Power Uniformity (%)
  • Maximum Peak Radius (°)
  • Total Flux (mW or W)
  • DOE Flux (mW)
  • Image Export

As with all modules of the TrueTest platform, tests from the TT-NIRI test library can be added to a sequence, and test parameters and pass/fail settings are input for each test. The entire sequence can be run end-to-end automatically and stored so multiple sequences can be created and recalled as needed. Individual test results are displayed and can be recorded in a report.