From EMC for Product Designers, Fourth Edition

2.1 History

The relaxed EMC regime that existed throughout most of Europe up until the early 90s was overturned with the adoption by the European Commission on 1st January 1992 of the EMC Directive, 89/336/EEC [177]. This was at the time widely regarded to be the most comprehensive, complex and possibly contentious Directive ever to emanate from Brussels [34]. It has eventually been superseded by its second edition, published at the very end of 2004. This chapter examines the provisions of the new Directive and how manufacturers will need to go about complying with it. But first, we have to understand the background to European Directives and the history of the first EMC Directive.

2.1.1 The New Approach Directives

Of the various aims of the creation of the Single European Market, the free movement of goods between European states [ ] is fundamental. All Member States impose standards and obligations on the manufacture of goods in the interests of quality, safety, consumer protection and so forth. If there are detailed differences in procedures and requirements, these act as technical barriers to trade, fragmenting the European market and increasing costs because manufacturers have to modify their products for different national markets.

For many years the Commission tried to remove these barriers by proposing Directives which gave the detailed requirements that products had to satisfy before they could be freely marketed throughout the Community, but this proved difficult because of the detailed nature of each Directive and the need for unanimity before...

Products & Services
Coaxial Terminations
Coaxial terminations are electrical devices that connect to the ends of coaxial cables to prevent signals from reflecting back when they reach the end of the cable.
EMI and RFI Testers
EMI and RFI testers monitor the presence of unwanted electromagnetic and radio frequency radiation.
Environmental Management Software
Environmental management software is used to support regulatory compliance, air pollution control, chemical safety, and environmental management.
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI)
Ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI) disconnect a circuit when the current between the neutral conductor and the live conductor becomes unbalanced. GFCIs are also known as residual current devices.
EMC Testers
EMC Testers are devices used to test or monitor parts and products for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

Topics of Interest

The R&TTED is given a separate chapter in this book because of the proliferation of all types of product which incorporate wireless or telecom connectivity. As soon as any product includes a wired or...

A.1 Existing and historic directives European Union directives on telecommunications regulation have the harmonisation of regulation among the member states as an objective. This is an additional...

Assessing the effects of EU and FDA EMI and EMC regulations is critical to the design of medical electronic products. Because the sensitive analog amplifiers, sophisticated microprocessors, and other...

A new standard, soon to be adopted in Europe, makes more stringent demands on medical OEMs. To sell medical equipment or systems in Europe, manufacturers must be aware of not only current...

Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry In the early days of electronics, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) was not a major problem. With the advent of the computer, the introduction of electronic...