From Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook: Quick and Accurate Solutions to Your Everyday Pipeline Problems, Sixth Edition


Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal pumps are best suited for large volume applications or for smaller volumes when the ratio of volume to pressure is high. The selection of the proper pump will depend on the system throughput, viscosity, specific gravity, and head requirements for a particular application. Where a variety of products with different characteristics are handled, it may be necessary to utilize multiple pumps either in series or parallel, or a series-parallel combination, or pumps with variable speed capabilities to achieve the desired throughput at least cost. Economics will ultimately determine the type and number of pumps to be used.

The first step in selecting centrifugal pumps is to analyze the pipeline system and determine its characteristics such as the pressure required to move the desired flow rate. Initial and future conditions should be evaluated so that pumps with sufficient flexibility to handle both conditions with minor changes may be selected. Refer to Section 13 Liquid Hydraulics for data on calculating pipeline pressure drop.

Pump manufacturers publish pump performance maps similar to the one shown in Figure 1 to aid in pump selection. The performance map shows the range of differential head and capacity that will be developed by a family of pumps. Once the system data have been established, a pump may be selected from the map. The selection is further refined by referring to a curve such as that shown in Figure 2, which shows a typical pump manufacturer's catalog curve for a specific pump showing the performance...

Products & Services
Turbine Pumps
Turbine pumps are centrifugal pumps that use pressure in combination with a rotary mechanism to transfer fluid.  They typically employ blade geometry, which causes fluid circulation around the vanes to add pressure from inlet to outlet. 
Liquid Handling Pumps
Industrial liquid handling pumps are classified in many different ways, and are distinguished by the media pumped and the fluid motive mechanism (dynamic or displacement).
Centrifugal Pumps
Centrifugal pumps consist of a set of rotating vanes, enclosed within a housing or casing, that are used to impart energy to a fluid through centrifugal force.
Axial Flow Pumps
Axial flow pumps or propeller pumps allow fluid to enter the impeller axially. They discharge fluid nearly axially, pumping the liquid in a direction that is parallel to the pump shaft.
Vacuum Pumps and Vacuum Generators
Vacuum pumps and vacuum generators provide sub-atmospheric pressure for a variety of industrial and scientific applications where a vacuum is required.

Topics of Interest

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