Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, Eighth Edition

Section 7: Reaction Kinetics

Overview

Tiberiu M. Leib, Ph.D. Principal Consultant, DuPont Engineering Research and Technology, E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company; Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers

Carmo J. Pereira, Ph.D., MBA DuPont Fellow, DuPont Engineering Research and Technology, E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company; Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers

REFERENCES

BASIC CONCEPTS

Mechanism

7-5

Reaction Rate

7-5

Classification of Reactions

7-5

Effect of Concentration on Rate

7-6

Law of Mass Action

7-6

Effect of Temperature

7-6

Heat of Reaction

7-6

Chemical Equilibrium

7-7

Conversion, Extent of Reaction, Selectivity, and Yield

7-7

Concentration Types

7-8

Stoichiometric Balances

7-8

Single Reactions

7-8

Reaction Networks

7-9

Catalysis

7-9

IDEAL REACTORS

Ideal Batch Reactor

7-11

Batch Reactor (BR)

7-11

Semibatch Reactor (SBR)

7-12

Ideal Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR)

7-12

Plug Flow Reactor (PFR)

7-12

Ideal Recycle Reactor

7-12

Examples for Some Simple Reactions

7-13

KINETICS OF COMPLEX HOMOGENEOUS REACTIONS

Chain Reactions

7-14

Phosgene Synthesis

7-14

Ozone Conversion to Oxygen in Presence of Chlorine

7-14

Hydrogen Bromide Synthesis

7-15

Chain Polymerization

7-15

Nonchain Reactions

7-15

Homogeneous Catalysis

7-15

Acid-Catalyzed Isomerization of Butene-1

7-15

Enzyme Kinetics

7-15

Autocatalysis

7-16

INTRINSIC KINETICS FOR FLUID-SOLID CATALYTIC REACTIONS

Adsorption Equilibrium

7-16

Dissociation

7-17

Different Sites

7-17

Change in Number of Moles

7-17

Reactant in the Gas Phase

7-17

Chemical Equilibrium in Gas Phase

7-17

No Rate-Controlling Step

7-18

Liquid-Solid Catalytic Reactions

7-18

Biocatalysis

7-18

FLUID-SOLID REACTIONS WITH MASS AND HEAT TRANSFER

Gas-Solid Catalytic Reactions