Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, Eighth Edition


Section 14: Equipment for Distillation, Gas Absorption, Phase Dispersion, and Phase Separation

Overview

Henry Z. Kister, M.E., C.Eng., C.Sc. Senior Fellow and Director of Fractionation Technology, Fluor Corporation; Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers; Fellow, Institution of Chemical Engineers (UK); Member, Institute of Energy (Section Editor, Equipment for Distillation and Gas Absorption)

Paul M. Mathias, Ph.D. Technical Director, Fluor Corporation; Member, American Institute of Chemical Engineers (Design of Gas Absorption Systems)

D. E. Steinmeyer, P.E., M.A., M.S. Distinguished Fellow, Monsanto Company (retired); Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers; Member, American Chemical Society (Phase Dispersion)

W. R. Penney, Ph.D., P.E. Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas; Member, American Institute of Chemical Engineers (Gas-in-Liquid Dispersions)

B. B. Crocker, P.E., S.M. Consulting Chemical Engineer; Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers; Member, Air Pollution Control Association (Phase Separation)

James R. Fair, Ph.D., P.E. Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas; Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers; Member, American Chemical Society, American Society for Engineering Education, National Society of Professional Engineers (Section Editor of the 7th edition and major contributor to the 5th, 6th, and 7th editions)

INTRODUCTION

Definitions

14-6

Equipment

14-6

Design Procedures

14-6

Data Sources in the Handbook

14-7

Equilibrium Data

14-7

DESIGN OF GAS ABSORPTION SYSTEMS

General Design Procedure

14-7

Selection of Solvent and Nature of Solvents

14-7

Selection of Solubility Data

14-8

Example 1: Gas Solubility

14-9

Calculation of Liquid-to-Gas Ratio

14-9

Selection of Equipment

14-9

Column Diameter and Pressure Drop

14-9

Computation of Tower Height

14-9

Selection...