From The Laser Guidebook

The label ion laser is a vague one that the laser world applies specifically to types in which the active medium is an ionized rare gas. Argon, with strong lines in the blue-green and weaker lines in the ultraviolet and near-infrared, is the most important type commercially. Krypton ion lasers are also marketed, despite their weaker output, because they offer a wider range of visible wavelengths, plus additional ultraviolet lines. A neon ion laser which emits in the ultraviolet was introduced recently. (The helium-neon laser emits on neutral neon lines.) A pulsed xenon ion laser, with somewhat different characteristics than other noble gas ion lasers, is described briefly in Chap. 16.

The prime attraction of argon and krypton lasers is their ability to produce continuous-wave output of a few milliwatts to (from argon) tens of watts in the visible and up to 10 watts (W) in the ultraviolet. The technology is not easy to master. lon lasers carry price tags of a few thousand to as much as $100,000, have tubes with operating lifetimes limited to 1000 to 10,000 hours, and tend to be delicate. However, there are few alternative sources of those power levels and wavelengths. Frequency doubling of solid-state neodymium-YAG lasers pumped by semiconductor lasers (see Chap. 22) offers an attractive alternative, but so far output powers are limited and prices are high (because of the high cost of high-power semiconductor laser arrays).

Recent years have seen considerable improvements in rare gas ion lasers. The operation...

Products & Services
Ion Lasers
Ion lasers function by stimulating the emission of radiation between two levels of an ionized gas. They provide moderate to high continuous-wave output of typically 1 mW to 10 W.
Lasers are devices that produce intense beams of monochromatic, coherent radiation. The word "laser" is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.
Excimer Lasers
Excimer lasers are rare-gas halide or rare-gas metal vapor lasers that produce relatively wide beams of ultraviolet laser light. They operate via the electronic transitions of molecules.
Laser Pointers
Laser pointers are compact instruments that produce a low-power, visible laser light. They are often used for pointing out features on a projected visual display.
Helium Neon Lasers
Helium neon (HeNe) lasers have an emission that is determined by neon atoms by virtue of a resonant transfer of excitation of helium. They operate continuously in the red, infrared and far-infrared regions and emit highly monochromatic radiation.

Topics of Interest

The helium-cadmium laser is the best known member of a family of lasers which emit on lines of ionized metal vapors. One of the first metal vapor lasers to be discovered, He Cd can produce continuous...

Chapter 1: Gas State Lasers Table 1: Examples of some of the most common gas lasers Table 2: Wavelengths and output powers of commercial argon ion lasers (Coherent Inc.) Table 3: Wavelengths and...

ABOUT THIS CHAPTER Gas lasers are one of the three most important laser families, and are in many ways the most varied. In this chapter, we will explore the basics of gas lasers, then learn about the...

Chapter 1: Gas State Lasers Figure 1: Energy levels of helium and neon and showing laser transitions in neon. Figure 2: Relevant energy levels for the argon ion laser. Figure 3: (a) Tunable...

Eugene J. Karwacki Jr., Kerry R. Berger, Ronald M. Pearlstein, and Robert J. Haney, A study investigates the effects of fluorine on gas delivery systems used to supply excimer lasers and develops...